In the first Passover judgment fell on one group [Egypt] and another group was spared [Israel]. Also one group of first born were slain and another was redeemed.
In Jesus Passover the judgment of death and hell fell upon Jesus. This was not just physical death, but the second death as well for he experienced separation from the Father. By tasting death for us, He made a way for us to be saved as we abide in him.
Also in Jesus' Passover he was the first born slain, but he was also the first born redeemed. Judgment fell on Satan.
There is a passage in Zechariah that depicts the spiritual side of what happened then. Recall that the name Joshua is the same as Jesus and that he is our High Priest.
Zec 3:1 ^ And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.
2 And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?
3 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel.
4 And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment.
5 And I said, Let them set a fair mitre upon his head. So they set a fair mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments. And the angel of the LORD stood by.
What this passage is showing us it the judgment of Jesus after his death. The filthy garments speak of his becoming a sin offering and taking on the sin of the world. Describing him as a brand plucked out of the fire tells us that he is being redeemed from the fire of hell. As the words "The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan" are spoken, Satan is being judged. Jesus is given proper garments and the sin is removed. He is given a crown to indicate his power. Later he would tell his followers that all authority is given to him.
So who is the first born to be redeemed? Well we have already spoken above about the blindness removed from Israel when the fullness of the gentiles comes in. In Exodus 4 God spells it out for us.
Ex 4:22 And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn:
He refers to this again in Hosea 11.
Ho 11:1 ^ When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.
And Matthew alludes to Hosea in chapter 2, speaking of Jesus.
Mt 2:15 And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son.
This identifies Israel with Jesus, the suffering servant. As Jesus is his firstborn. And you may conclude that those who are in Him are also his sons.
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