Old Covenant vs New Covenant

The Old Covenant is the Letter of the Law [which kills] vs. The New Covenant is the giving [without measure] of The Spirit [which quickens].

The Old Covenant is The Law of sin and death. The New Covenant is the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus

Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.

3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:

4 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

5 For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.

6 For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.

7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

8 So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.

9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.

10 And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

Where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. When you are led by that spirit you are not under the law; you have been [or will be] set free from sin and death!

Compare the tree of knowledge of good and evil vs. the tree of life. You can see that the fruit of the tree of knowledge, a fig tree in the story, is self righteousness, a.k.a. religion. The fruit of the tree of life is the fruit of the spirit that comes with the fullness of the Spirit.

In Hebrews 12 the Lord says basically the same thing when speaking of the mountains. The mountain that burnt with fire and smoke, vs. Mt. Zion.

Heb 12:18 ^ For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

19 And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more:

20 (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart:

21 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

22 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,

23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,

24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.

Note how this passage links several end time themes together. They are Mount Zion, The Church, The City of God, The Heavenly Jerusalem, The perfection of the Saints and the New Covenant. All of these are end time things.

Compare The church as depicted in 1st Corinthians vs. that of second Corinthians. The reformation of the Corinthian church happens because of the visitation of Titus. Titus in this case is a type of the Holy Spirit; his arrival totally transforms them. In Ephesians the Spirit is typified by Tychicus. In Romans He appears as Tertius. The writer of Hebrews [Heb 13:23] is Timothy. Do you see a pattern here?

The contrast between being under the law or being led by the Spirit is also expressed in Galatians as Ishmael vs. Isaac.

Ga 4:21 ^ Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?

22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman.

23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.

24 Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.

25 For this Agar is, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.

26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.

Note that here mount Sinai in Arabia is the mountain that burnt with fire, while Jerusalem which is above is the Mount Zion mentioned in Hebrews 12 above; also the New Covenant. Verse 24 says there are two covenants, the first is passing away, the second is the everlasting covenant.

In Galatians there is another discussion of being under the Law.

Ga 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.

17 But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid.

18 For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor.

19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.

201 am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.

Here one of the ideas is being dead to the law. We speak of it as death to self. In death to self, the old man is dead and the new man is Christ., You put on the new man by acting like Christ. If you act like Christ, you can't sin. You are walking in righteousness, because you are clothed with righteousness. Jesus is the Lord our Righteousness. So therefore, to say I am crucified with Christ, etc. is an end time thing. And to put off the old man and put on Christ is an end time thing.

Second Corinthians talks about becoming a new creature in Christ This too is an end time thing.

2Co 5:16 ^ Wherefore henceforth know we no man after the flesh: yea, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we him no more.

17 Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.

One last note, in Matthew, Jesus warns about false prophets in the End Times.

Mt 7:15 ^ Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.

16 Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?

17 Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.

18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.

19 Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

20 Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.

We are to know them by their fruit, the real from the fake. This can only be found in those who have the spirit and the fruit of the spirit that results, from those who are totally led by that Spirit. Once we have entered into the latter day move of the Spirit, it will be clear who are really spirit led. They will have these fruits:

Ga 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,

23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.

24 And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.

25 If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.

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