this in more depth by looking at more of the details.
What do we know about the Day of Atonement? Among other things, special sacrifices were made that day. It is the day of atoning sacrifice.
In the book of Hebrews, we find this description:
Heb 9:1 Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.
2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary.
3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all;
4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;
5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
6 Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God.
7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people:
The tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all is what we know as the holy of holies. The high priest would enter there once every year. This was on the Day of Atonement.
This description from Hebrews harkens back to Leviticus 16 where the Lord is telling Moses about the high priest burning incense and sprinkling the blood.
Le 16:12 And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before the LORD, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the vail:
13 And he shall put the incense upon the fire before the LORD, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that is upon the testimony, that he die not:
14 And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it with his finger upon the mercy seat eastward; and before the mercy seat shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times.
This is the context of Luke 1:8-11 when Zacharias goes in to burn incense and meets the angel.
Now a key verse to understanding what happens here is Leviticus 16:2
Le 16:2 And the LORD said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy place within the vail before the mercy seat, which is upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat.
This is telling us that on the Day of Atonement, when the High Priest enters the Holy of Holies, the Lord
Appears to him, in the cloud on the mercy seat, right on the top of the ark of the covenant. So Moses coming down from the mountain on the Day of Atonement coincides with the Lord coming down to meet the high priest on that day.
This is the one day of the year that the Lord appears in the temple. You could say that the Lord reveals himself in the temple on that day. Then you start to see a little more connection with the Revelation of Jesus Christ.
That is only part of the significance of Moses return. To comprehend the rest of it, we need to look at what else Moses does and what happens as a result.
Remember that the first time that Moses disappeared for 40 days, the people got restless and went into rebellion and idolatry. Compare that to the second time Moses came down, what happened then?
For one thing, he manifested the Glory of God.
Ex 34:29 And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him.
Secondly, the people experienced a Fear of the Lord.
30 And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him.
Thirdly, He began to instruct the people.
Ex 35:1 And Moses gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel together, and said unto them, These are the words which the LORD hath commanded, that ye should do them.
In the very next verse, Moses emphasized the Sabbath rest of the Lord and called for holiness.
Ex 35:2 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death.
Then in Exodus 35:4 and following he commands the people to gather the materials for construction of the tabernacle. And instead of the usual rebellion and murmuring, we find willing obedience.
Ex 35:21 And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing, and they brought the LORD'S offering to the work of the tabernacle of the congregation, and for all his service, and for the holy garments.
The people are described as willing five times in Ex 35.
What is it that made them so willing? To put it another way, what does it take to transform a believer into a totally obedient servant? Consider the following:
Jer 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:
32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD:
33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
This tells us of a new covenant that the Lord intends to make with his people. He will write his law in our hearts. And we shall all know Him. This is part of the Revelation of Jesus Christ.
Jer 32:40 And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me.
Here we see that this new covenant will make it so that his people will not depart from him. Ezekiel explains it this way:
Eze 36:26 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. 27 And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.
The Lord is promising that he will cause us to obey him! This will certainly do the job of seeing us become totally willing and obedient. It means getting right with God and staying that way.
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