In 1991 Destiny Image published a book by Lou Berthleson titled Holiness for these Awesome Days; and a book by Dan Juster titled Revelation, The Passover Key. The first work outlined a fascinating series of parallels between the first Passover at the time of the Exodus and the Passover of Jesus death and resurrection. Dan Juster in his book examines parallels between the Passover at the exodus and the Book of Revelation especially the Second Coming. What I hope to do in this article is to combine these insights and expand on them sharing what the Lord has shown me. And basically it is this. There are common elements between Exodus and the Gospels, common elements between the Exodus and Revelation, and common elements between the gospels and the Second coming. Once you lay these all out it becomes clear that there is a prophetic pattern in all three. I call this the passover pattern.
Lou Berthleson found that Jesus' death and resurrection at the Passover season followed patterns set in place by Moses' actions at the first Passover.
He goes into great detail and lays out some very interesting correspondences. Then he follows on to examine the feast of Pentecost, and it's fulfillment in the Book of Acts. He also presents a fascinating discussion of Tabernacles and the typology used in the bible and Jewish traditions.
Dan Juster's book is a look at Revelation which sees the events therein as foreshadowed by the events and patterns of the Passover-Exodus. He sees the situation of the Church of the Last Days as parallel to Israel in Egypt before the Exodus, and also parallel to the Church under Roman Empire in the first and second centuries.
Juster outlines four main approached to interpreting Revelation. These are as follows. The Symbolic Approach:
This approach looks to the book primarily to gain insight into the nature of spiritual opposition and struggle at all times and for all believers. Through this method, all believers undergoing persecution or duress may be encouraged toward the ultimate victory of Jesus and His Kingdom. Those of this school shun historical, or prophetic past or future identifications for the symbols and content of the book.
The Preterist Approach:
This approach views the book as presenting the spiritual struggle of the first century believers with the Roman Empire and Jewish opposition. It is believed that the prophetic content of the book is fully past, excepting the literal return of Jesus the Messiah.
The Historical Approach:
This approach sees the book as representing the progress of history from the time of the Ascension of Jesus the Messiah until His second coming and the establishment of the New Jerusalem. Days and calculations in the book are seen as symbolic of years.
The Futurist Approach:
This approach sees the book, especially after chapter four, as representing the last great tribulation before the return of Jesus.
These approaches to Revelation are used by people of widely differing theological persuasions. However, most Futurists are Pre-Millennialists, believing that a literal 1000-year Millennial Age of peace on earth (Revelation 20) precedes the full establishment of the new heavens and earth. There are, however, many who use the historical approach who believe in a literal Millennium. Most of those who believe that there is no literal Millennium, but that the Millennium of chapter 20 is symbolic of this Church Age, are not Futurists, but hold to one or a combination of the first three views.
There is of course some truth in all these views. The least popular or unfortunately most neglected approach is the symbolic or allegorical one.
But in the present article we are like Juster and Berthleson dealing in the futurist vein. Exodus to Revelation
I'm going to note the points Mr. Juster makes in his comparison and then add a few of my own before getting back to Berthelson's work
The Exodus Passover seen as a type of the End Times as described in Revelation [and elsewhere.]
A. As Egypt is a type of the World the Exodus Passover deals with the Children of Israel in Egypt while Revelation deals with God's people throughout the world.
B. God uses two prophets, Moses and Aaron to announce and pronounce his plagues on Egypt. In Revelation, He uses his two witnesses in the same role.
C. One of the plagues in Egypt is darkness over all the land. At the Return of the Lord, the sun will be turned to dark. [Also we are told, the kingdom of the beast was filled with darkness.]
D. In Exodus, God's people are protected from the plagues by living in the Land of Goshen which was untouched. In Revelation, Gods people are sealed in their foreheads by the angel for their protection.
E. The Children of Israel are protected from the final plague by having the blood of the Passover Lamb on their door posts. In Revelation, God's people overcome by the Blood of the Lamb, the word of their testimony and their willingness to die for Jesus.
F. The Pharaoh of Exodus is a picture of the Beast [anti-Christ] of Revelation.
G. Pharaoh and his armies pursue Israel to the shore of the Red Sea in Exodus. In the last days, The Beast and his armies invade Israel.
H. In Exodus, Pharaoh's armies are held up by the Lord. The Lord fights against the Beast at Armageddon.
I. Pharaoh and his armies are destroyed in the sea. The beast and his armies are destroyed in the last battle.
To these points I would add the following:
1. Israel lived in Egypt but they were not assimilated into their culture. So also God's people are called to be 'in the world but not of the world'.
2. Israel lives in a separate area called the Land of Goshen. God's people in these end times are instructed to 'come out of her' and to be holy [separate] so they will not be hurt by her [Babylon's] judgments.
3. Pharaoh, the horse and rider, were cast into the sea, and the beast and false prophet will be cast into the lake of fire.
4. When the Lord slew all the firstborn of Egypt in the 10th plague, he also judged the 'gods of Egypt' When the Lord returns to fight the final battle, he first carries out judgment on the heavenly powers.
Dan Juster also makes the following points comparing Roman times with End times.
A. During Roman times, there was opposition to the Gospel all throughout the empire. The End Times will exhibit similar opposition all through the world.
B. During Roman times the Gospel was also opposed by Judaism, Today this is still the case.
C. In Roman Times Caesar was worshipped. In the End times, the Beast is worshipped.
D. In Roman times the church was in great warfare and many were killed in the persecution. The End Times will see great persecution and martyrdom of the church [the saints].
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