Romans 11.15 where it talks about Israel's acceptance meaning 'life from the dead' speaks of all Israel as all those who are still in unbelief. But they don't just repent all on their own because it suddenly sounds like a cool thing to do. And they don't just all of a sudden repent all on their own to call on God because they are surrounded by enemy armies with no chance of survival. At Masada, they chose another option.
No that's not what happens. They repent because God grants repentance. Romans 11:23 says 'God is able to graft them back in again'. That is God does it, for his names sake, by granting repentance. He takes away their sin, because that is what he promised when he promised the new covenant.
There are many places where God calls for repentance in his word. Certain passages make it clear that a special grace is also needed. God is able to graft them in again because he can grant them repentance.
Here are some passages that deal with the idea of God granting repentance.
Acts 5:31 Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.
Acts 11:18 When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.
Romans 2:4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?
2 Corinthians 7:9 Now I rejoice, not that ye were made sorry, but that ye sorrowed to repentance: for ye were made sorry after a godly manner, that ye might receive damage by us in nothing. 10 For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death.
2 Timothy 2:25 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;
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