The promise was expressed in many ways and one of the most significant of these is this. The promise of entering into his rest is seen to be a promise of a new covenant in the latter days. For on the seventh day, God rested; and we can also say from this that in the seventh millennium God came to rest.
God keeps his promises and confirms his covenant. One of the ways he does this is by fulfilling the scriptures. Often this is done in stages, so a scripture can have multiple fulfillments. Sometimes there is a partial fulfillment followed later by another fulfillment, and finally by a much later fulfillment in the end times.
The promise to Abraham was of a future time; an end time fulfillment. Later is could be spoken of as a 'new' covenant'. This is because another covenant would come first, the mosaic law.
Melchizedek or Melchisedec, is a priest of the eternal covenant. As such he 'continues forever'. He blessed Abraham, who received this promise, with bread and wine. Jesus used bread and wine as a sign of the new covenant, speaking of his body, about to be broken, and his blood about to be shed. This is his priestly offering as he offered up himself. Both of these cases are partial fulfillments.
So while the promise came first, it's completion, or fulfillment can come much later. Whereas when the law was given the old covenant was established right then at the first Pentecost on Mt. Sinai.
Another example if this is the partial fulfillment of Joel 2 in Acts 2.
Ac 2:14 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of
Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:
15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.
16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel;
17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
18 And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:
Here it began with the 'earnest' of the Spirit.
2Co 5:5 Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing is God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.
An earnest is a token of something to come, an assurance. It is like a pledge or down payment. So in Acts 2 the promise of the Spirit was confirmed by an earnest or partial payment. This was the measure of anointing that came upon the gathered disciples that day. And not only is this a foretaste of the Spirit, it is a foreshadowing of the end times.
Fulfilling the promise will finish with the latter day/latter rain blessing of the Spirit, given without measure, the final fulfillment of The promise of the Spirit mentioned in Joel and other places.
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