And Isaiah said, This sign shalt thou have of the LORD, that the LORD will do the thing that he hath spoken: shall the shadow go forward ten degrees, or go back ten degrees? 2 Kings 20:9
What is the significance of having the shadow go back 10 degrees on the dial of Ahaz?
Simple answer: Hezekiah is looking for a sign, a miracle. Having the shadow go forward or down 10 degrees wouldn't be a miracle. It would be natural. Having it go back would be a miracle!
But still, what is the Spiritual Significance of having it go back 10 degrees.
If you read carefully in II Kings you'll find that it says it went back 10 degrees from which it had gone down.
And Isaiah the prophet cried unto the LORD: and he brought the shadow ten degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz. 2 Kings 20:11
Now the shadow on a sundial goes up for a while and then it begins to go down. This tracks the activity of the sun. First it comes up and then it begins to go down. OK When exactly does it begin to go down? When it passes high noon! Obvious?
So Hezekiah's sign is that the shadow goes back to high noon. So the sun goes back to high noon. At that point, directly overhead, the shadow disappears!
So putting on our spiritual ears to hear with we see that the sign speaks of a restoration of the light. Since Jesus Christ is the Light, and the light is at it maximum or its fullness at high noon, what does this mean? It means the fullness of the Revelation of Jesus Christ, in whom there is no shadow [of turning.]! Does that idea have any impact on you?
Also consider this. 10 is the number of the Law. That is, the word of God. Now we know Jesus is the Word of God, So this mention of 10 degrees speaks of restoring the rule of God's Law. Or it speaks of Revealing the Word as Contained in the Law. In the book of Revelation we see God reveals himself. No man is worthy but Jesus is shown opening the scroll which represents the Word of God. So we see that Jesus reveals Himself, the Word of God. That's The Revelation of Jesus Christ.
Next, what is this sign a sign of? What is the purpose of having this sign, what does it point to?
It is a sign that the Lord will do the thing that he has spoken. I. E. fulfill his word.
Well Old King Hezekiah asked for a sign that he would be healed. The prophet Isaiah could have said something cute like "You'll feel better when the pain goes away!" But instead He asked the King to make a choice. Should the shadow go down or back up? It would have been enough of a sign to have the pain go away and feel better. But the rest of the story is the second part of the Kings question. What shall be the sign that I'll be healed and Go up into the House of the Lord on the Third day.?
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