Figure 14.

Gold marriage belt, with medallions showing Christ between the bride and groom. Byzantine, sixth century. (Byzantine Visual Resources, copyright 1990, Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, D.C.)

torial decoration came into being.[10] As monasteries increased in number, monks increasingly attracted attention from the lay public, while individual holy men were influential in urban as well as rural contexts.[11] Pilgrimage and cult centers, with their building complexes, attracted a flourishing trade in souvenirs

[10] For Christian, Jewish, and pagan art in late antiquity, on which the bibliography is vast and often contentious, see K. Weitzmann, ed., The Age of Spirituality: Catalogue of the Exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, November 19, 1977, Through February 12, 1978 (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, in association with Princeton University Press, 1979).

[11] The classic article on holy men by P. Brown, "The Rise and Function of the Holy Man in Late Antiquity," JRS 61 (1971): 81-101, stresses their rural role, but a number of scholars have subsequently focused on their integration with urban life; see, e.g., H. J. W. Drijvers, "Hellenistic and Oriental Origins," in Hackel, ed., Byzantine Saint, 25-33; S. A. Harvey, "The Politicisation of the Byzantine Saint," in ibid., 37-42; J. Seiber, Early Byzantine Urban Saints, British Archaeological Reports, Supplementary Series 37 (Oxford, 1977).

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