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Valentinus and Valentinians, 252 Arian controversy and, 555, 556 authority claimed by, 253, 254, 255, 256, 323 Bardaisan as Valentinian, 356 Clement of Alexandria and, 257 Egyptian Christianity, origins of,336, 348 Egyptian Gnostic manuscripts, 334 Egyptian Gnosticism and, 345-6 in Gaul, 374

Gnosticism per se compared, 248, 252, 253 gospel ofJohn only one used by, 207 Irenaeus on, 249, 253, 256, 266, 449-50 John's gospel used by 268 Justin Martyr, named as heretic by, 254 on monotheism and creation, 442-3 Origen and, 258, 259 in Rome, 403

Rome, philosophical schools of,4i0 self-differentiation of, 256 in Syria and Mesopotamia, 356, 359 Victor of Rome and, 255, 256 Valerian, emperor, persecution of Christians by, 72, 390-i, 503, 5i4-i7 Valerius Victor Paternus, 307 van Haelst, Joseph, 348 Vergil

Fourth Eclogue, 548

Roman domination as prophesied by

Anchises in, 70, 77 Roman literature, as exemplar of,8i Vermes, Geza, 29

Vespasian, emperor closure of temple at Leontopolis by, 59 Jewish War, role in, 77 Messianic pretenders uprooted by 25 unity of empire, vision of, 505 Vettius Epagathus (Christian of Gaul), 370, 376

Via Salaria sarcophagus, 577,578 Victor, bishop of Rome

Alexandria/Egypt, Christian communities of, 344

Asia Minor and Achaea, Christian communities of, 320 authority insistence on, 404, 405, 406 collegiality and Christian unity North

African sense of,392 councils and synods, evidence for, 430 Gaul, Christian communities of, 376 Gnostic controversies and, 256, 259 Irenaeus of Lyons and, 255, 262, 320, 328,

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