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logos prophorikos issuing from logos endiathetos, 556, 557, 563 monarchian controversies and, 457, 459,

461, 463

monotheism and Christology, contribution to debates over, 454-6 Origen, 463-6 Paul of Samosata on, 468 Philo of Alexandria's speculations on, 127,

409, 455

Rome, philosophical schools of,409 Valentinian concept of, 252 Longus, 83 Lord's Prayer, 168 Lord's Supper. See eucharist love historical teaching ofJesus on, 31 Johannine ethics based on, 140 love-feast (agape), 166, 423 Lucan, 81

Lucian ofAntioch, 555 Lucian ofSamosata, 352

on Peregrinus Proteus, 158 Lucius Munatius Plancus, 368

Lucretius, philosophical approach of,78 Lugdunum. See Lyons Luke, Gospel of, 188

Anti-Marcionite prologue to, 323 Asia Minor and Achaea, apostolic traditions of,323 dedication to patron Theophilus, 159,189 evidence ofJewish Christianity in, 95 Gentile Christianity sources for, 106,121, 122

historiographical nature of, 188 Jewish diaspora communities identified in, 56

L source, 19

Marcion's possible use of,202, 205-8 origins of Gentile Christianity for, 107 Paul, possible traditional and historical connection to, 207 Q source, 18

social and educational levels of early Christian leaders evidenced from writing styles, 158 source criticism of,i8 LXX. See Septuagint Lycian curse texts, 64 Lycurgus on origins and derivation of philosophy, 236 Lydia, demographics of early Christianity in, 308

Lyons (Lugdunum)

Christian community of,369-7i establishment of, 368 persecution of Christians in, 265, 307,

population of Christians in, 307 Lystra, Pauline mission in, i09

M source, 18

Macarius, bishop ofJerusalem, 4

2 Maccabees, 62, 436

3 and 4 Maccabees, 62

Maccabees and Maccabean revolt, 29, 39 Macedonia, Pauline mission to, ii2-i4 MacMullen, Ramsay 306, 312 Macrianus, 5i5 magic

Jesus viewed as magician, 22, i48, 579 popular association of Christianity with,

504, 507

Roman practice of, 80

'synagogue of magicians' in Egypt and

Valerian persecutions, 515 wand, Jesus portrayed with, 579

Magnesia, existence ofJewish Christianity in, 224

Maiuma (Gaza), Christian population of, 308,

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