Egypt Other patristic writers

Sentences of Sextus Athenagoras Agrippa Castor11 Pseudo-Justin Clement of Alexandria


Dionysius of Alexandria




Second-century Gnostic and other heretical' writers

Basilides and the Basilidians Theodotus

Carpocrates and the Carpocratians Heracleon Valentinus Julius Cassianus13

Writings preserved in Coptic Gnostic manuscripts14


Hypostasis of theArchons (NHC 11,4) Gospel of the Egyptians (NHC 111,2; iv,2)15 Three Steles of Seth (NHC vii,5)

Zostrianos (NHC vm,I) Melchizedek (NHC ix,i) Thought ofNorea (NHC Ix,2) Allogenes (NHC xI,3) Trimorphic protennoia (NHC xiii,i)

11 His refutation of Basilides is lost, but summarized in Euseb. HE 4.7.

12 Eusebius mentions two other Alexandrian writers: Alexander, who became bishop of Jerusalem, and Anatolius, who became bishop ofLaodicea(HE 6.11.3-6; 7.32.6-20). Eusebius quotes from letters of Alexander and provides an extensive quotation from Anta-

tolius' Canons on the pascha.

13 The extensive output of another 'heretical' writer, Hieracas of Leontopolis, who wrote in both Greek and Egyptian (Coptic) according to Epiphanius (Pan. 67), is unfortunately lost.

14 Included in the bibliography of primary sources are all of the Coptic treatises; included in the following lists are only those Christian writings which are almost certainly assignable to 2nd- or 3rd-century Egypt, or those whose provenance is uncertain but which can plausibly be assigned to 2nd- or 3rd-century Egypt. Those in the latter category are Pr. Paul; Treat. res.; Tri. trac.; Interp. know.; Val. exp.; Ep. Pet. Phil.; Hypsiph.; and the Plato fragment (in a Gnostic edition). Those tractates for which a 2nd- or 3rd-century Syrian provenance is probable include Apoc. Adam (NHC v,5), Marsanes (NHC x,i), Gos. Phil. (NHC 11,3), 1 Apoc. Jas. (NHC v,3), 2 Apoc. Jas. (NHC v,4), Paraph. Shem (NHC vii,i), Gos. Thom. (NHC 11,2), Thom. cont. (NHC 11,7), Dial. sav. (NHC 111,5), Acts Pet. 12 apos. (NHC vi,i) and Act Pet. (BG,4). Probably of 4th-century Egypt are Pistis Sophia and the untitled treatise in the Bruce codex. Eugnostos (NHC iii,3; v,i) probably originated in a ist-century Alexandrian Jewish milieu. Quintessentially Egyptian (but not Christian) are the Hermetic writings: Disc. 8-9 (NHC vi,6), Pr. thanks. (NHC vi,7) and Asclepius (NHC vi,8).

15 Not to be confused with the apocryphal gospel of the same name cited above.

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