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Roman tradition of, 82 self-definition and differentiation vis-a-vis Jewish matrix in, 223-4 aporias as used in Gospel of John, 129 apostates. See heresy and schism; lapsi apostle as early Christian ministry, 416 Apostles' Creed, 428, 566 apostolic authority

Asia Minor and Achaea, apostolic traditions of, 322-5 Clement of Alexandria's claim of relation to, 257

episcopate as continuation of, 254, 255, 269,

4i9, 475

Gaul's connection to, 370 Irenaeus' concept of, 268-70 John's gospel, symbolic opposition of disciples in, i34 Paul's singular prominence in second-century Christianity 202

apostolic authority (cont.)

Peter, assignment of authority to, 133,149, 411, 477-9

separate apostle's authority, tendency of Christian communities to invoke, 201, 202

Theudas (disciple of Paul), Valentinus claimed as student of,253, 256, 323 Apostolic constitutions, 416, 424 Apostolic tradition almsgiving and care of the poor, 290, 291 attribution to Hippolytus of Rome, 279 baptism, 422 creeds, use of, 425 fasting, 289

occupations acceptable and unacceptable for Christians, 286, 287 prayer rituals prescribed by 279, 288 priestly typology for episkopoi, 420 slaves converting to Christianity, 286 appropriation of Greco-Roman material culture and motifs by Christians, 570-4,

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