literature of Christianity according to, 266-8

liturgical divergence not troubling to, 264 Pauline works claimed for orthodox

Christianity by 264, 268 Quartodeciman controversy involvement with, 377 on recapitulation, 272

Roman empire, relationship of Christianity to, 265-6

single gospel use regarded as heterodox, 207

theology of,270-3

tradition and apostolic authority, concept of, 268 -70

on Trinity 270

unity and universality of church, belief in,

unity between gospels and Old Testament, 267, 270

irony as used in Gospel of John, 129,137 Isaiah, Ascension of, 315, 321 Isaiah (prophet), Mark opening with, 185 Isidore, son ofBasilides, 336 Isis, cult of

Christian adaptation of, i2 interpretatio graeca applied to, 80 Roman attraction to, 79, 80 itinerant prophets as ecclesial mode of earliest church, 148-9,154

Jacobus, confessor, 517 James ('brother of the Lord') martyrdom and death, 9i, 297 meeting of Christ-believing preachers in

Jerusalem, 103 ossuary ofJames, discovery and discreditation of, 297 Peter as taking lead from, 92 Peter, association with, 149 territorial disputes with Paul, 109 James, Epistle of, 91 canonicity of, 213

Jerusalem church as presented in, 297 poor, Christians' identification with and provision for, 157 pseudonymous nature of,297 James, Liturgy of, 425 James, Protevangelium of, 355 Jamnia, Council of,i32 Jason of Cyrene, 62

Jeremiah (prophet), Jesus compared to, 28, 51

Jeremias, Joachim, 20

Jerome on divorce and remarriage, 280 Egyptian/Alexandrian ecclesial structure according to, 339 Gospel according to the Nazoreans cited by, 97

on Irenaeus of Lyons, possible martyrdom of, 37i on Jewish Christianity 89 on monasticism in Egypt, 350 Jerusalem

Aelia Capitolina built on ruins of,67, 77,

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