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Polycarp, association with, 262, 370 possible martyrdom of, 371 theology of martyrdom presented by, 372 Theophilus of Antioch contrasted and compared, 263, 373, 450 Victor, bishop of Rome, and, 255, 262, 320, 328

wide-ranging correspondence of, 328 works of, 261, 371-2 Irenaeus of Lyons and Gnosticism, 254-6 Basilides, 441

creation, counterweight to Gnostic devaluation of, 27i earliest reference to Gnostics, 249 in Egypt, 345

Gaul, possible Gnostic groups in, 374-6 term used for specific school ofthought, 248

tradition and authority, 268 use ofterm, 374

Valentinus and Valentinians, 249, 253, 256,

266, 449-50

Irenaeus of Lyons and orthodox self-definition, 26i-73 assumption that all Christians know truth of Christianity 264, 269 on bishops and church hierarchy, 269, 475 canon as proposed by, 255, 266-7 Christology of, 267, 272-3 creation, process theology of, 270-2, 273 ditheism, rejection of, 267 'early Catholicism', as exemplar of, 263 fourfold gospels, concept of,i90, 206, 267 Gaul, Christian others of, 374-6 heresy and orthodoxy, concepts of, 245-6, 254-6, 326

illiterate Christians able to hold true faith according to, 268 on incarnation, 272-3 influence of, 273

innovation vs. tradition in thinking of, 262-4, 268-70 internal rather than external audience, 263 on interpretation of scripture, 266 Jewish scriptures, 264-5, 267 Johannine works claimed for orthodox

Christianity by 264, 268 Judaism, relationship of Christianity to,

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