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Brown, Raymond E., 88 buildings. See architecture Bultmann, RudolfK., 19, 20, 247 burial practices. See also entries at catacombs Christian nekropoleis, 303 funerary inscriptions, Christian, 302-4 Jewish diaspora, 62 material culture of early Christianity, funerary context of, 574 sarcophagi, 575, 577,578, 579,580,587

Caecilian, bishop of Carthage, 522, 544, 558 Caesarea Maritima

Christian roots in, 300, 308 Jewish diaspora of,55, 65 Origen's move to, 300 Caesariani, 515

Caius, Johannine writings attacked by 324 Calepodius, Roman catacomb of,5i5 Caligula (Gaius), emperor, 46, 65, 70, 77 Callistus, bishop of Rome catacomb of Callistus and, 460, 576 marriage in early Christianity, 279 monotheism and Christology, 456-63

North Africa, relations with, 394 persecution of Christians and, 481 Rome, early Christianity of, 405 Callistus, Roman catacomb of, 144, 460, 516,

575, 576, 577 Cameron, Averil, 588

cannibalism, accusations against Christians of, 507, 509

canon of truth. See rule of faith canonical writings, 212-13

Athanasius' 39th Festal Letter of 367 as defining moment in, 191, 213 bibliographic curse at end of,i93 bipartite 'Gospel and Apostle' form of, 203, 2ii date of formation of,i9i, 204, 213

Eusebius' discussion of, 213

fourfold gospel, 190-1, 206, 212, 213, 267

Gnosticism and, 267

Irenaeus' proposal regarding, 255, 266-7

Jewish scriptures as part of, 212

major corpora in place by end of second century, i9i Marcion's canon, 202, 205 Marcion's contribution to formation of orthodox canon, 203-5, 211-12, 267 Muratorian canon list, 204 North Africa, 387 Pauline letters, 2i2, 2i3 scripture and canon, distinguishing, 204 use and public reading in liturgy as final determinant of, 213 Capernaum, surviving early church structure at, 575, 582 Cappadocia, demographics of early

Christianity in, 308 Carpocrates and Carpocratians, 248, 336 Carthage. See North Africa catacombs, Melos, 309 catacombs, North Africa, 308, 382 catacombs, Rome Aux deux lauriers, 5i7 Calepodius, 515

Callistus, 144, 460, 516, 575, 576, 577 Christian iconography of, 576-81 demographic evidence derived from, 304,

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