While Jewish communities were responsive to local circumstances, the interests and concerns of Palestine and the diaspora came together in various spheres of thought and action: the gap in outlook was essentially a matter of emphasis and balance. Moreover, in geographical terms, the boundaries between Judaea and Galilee on the one hand, and the diaspora on the other,
1 These constructions, with their rabbinic continuation, are discussed in Gafni, Land, center and diaspora, 19-78.
2 See Rajak, 'Josephus in the diaspora', 81-3.
4 Nuances explored by S. Pearce, 'Jerusalem as "mother-city" in the writings of Philo of Alexandria', in Barclay, Negotiating diaspora, 19-37.
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