Plutarch ftfyr 167 D iSuperstition

81. See discussion of this image in Mathews, Clash of Gods, 182-83.

82- See discussion in chap- 6.

S3, Augustine, Civ. 8.23- 24, trans. Henry Bettenson {London: Penquin- L9S4I, 330 -37, On the matter of the f Icrmetic irutLii ion ond the role of image?; in NcoplaLonk" theurgy, see the brief discussion in chap, 4,

Zankcr, The Ewer of forages* ¿30-38, Jiee "I urea ii, ikyds of Rome, 141-42.

£6. Kleiner, Hottuw Sculpture, 243-44,

S9, Zanker, The Power of Imager, Kleiner, Roman Sculpture, 326-29.

90. See Mathews, Clash of Gods, 106, fig, 31, and 205 il L 6, which helpfully leads the reader to two useful sources on the halo in pre-Christian times and the halo as adopted by the Roman emperor; Marthe Collinel-Guirin, Hiitoire du Nitnbe, des origins ¿«jjc r<rrripi moderns (Puris; Nouuclles Editions kiines* 1.961 )i and Andrffl Alfoldi, "Iarignled und Tradit der rftmisdien Kaiser," AM 50 [1935); 19-22; 36-41.

91, See the discussion of the iconography of Christ in cliap. 6.

92. Paul Grgels, "La premiere vision de Constantin (310) et le temple d'Apollon a Nimes," Bull /icty Bel (1948): L79ff., and the account in Lactantius, Mart. 35,5-6.

93, Julian, Helios passim.

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