Endnotes

1 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York, et al.: Doubleday, 2003), 1.

2 Roelof van den Broek and Wouter J. Hanegraaff, ed.s, Gnosis and Hermeticism from Antiquity to Modern Times (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1998), 9.

4 James M. Robinson, gen. ed., The Nag Hammadi Library in English (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, A Division of HarperCollinsPublishers, 1978/1990), 5.

5 Epiphanius, quoted in ibid., 5.

6 Irenaeus, "Traditions of the Elders," Against Heresies, IV.32.1, quoted in Eberhard Arnold, ed., The Early Christians in Their Own Words (Farmington, Penn.: Plough Publishing House, 1997), 142.

7 James M. Robinson, gen. ed., The Nag Hammadi Library in English (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, A Division of HarperCollinsPublishers, 1978 / 1990), 158.

8 Transcript of an interview with Erwin Lutzer (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries-TV, 2004).

9 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York, et al.: Doubleday, 2003), 231.

10 Ibid.

11 Ibid.

12 Ibid.

13 If someone argues that there are some discrepancies among the Greek manuscripts, my reply is that at worst that impacts 3-4% of the content of the manuscripts we have today, and none of the minor variations within the texts (minor word changes or word rearrangements which don't affect the Greek meaning or spelling discrepancies) impact any major doctrines in the least— or if they do, those doctrines are clearly upheld in other verses over which there is no question at all.

14 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York, et al.: Doubleday, 2003), 233.

15 Jim Garlow and Peter Jones, Cracking Da Vinci's Code (Colorado Springs: Victor, an imprint of Cook Communications, 2004), 96.

16 Gary Habermas, The Historical Jesus: Ancient Evidence for the Life of Christ (Joplin, Mo: College Press Publishing Company, 1996), 245.

17 Paul L. Maier, quoted in D. James Kennedy, Who Is This Jesus (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries-TV, 2000), a video.

18 Amy-Jill Levine, quoted in ibid.

19 Amy-Jill Levine, quoted in D. James Kennedy, Who Is This Jesus: Is He Risen? (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries-TV, 2001), a video.

20 Sam Lamerson, quoted in ibid.

21 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York, et al.: Doubleday, 2003), 345.

23 The Bible declares that no murderer has eternal life (1 John 3:15). That means that no one who claims to be saved and goes out and commits murder is truly saved. (That includes Albino monks, of whom there are none in Opus Dei). We know in history that some who have claimed to be Christians have murdered in the name of Christ, to wit, the Spanish Inquisition. But that doesn't mean what they did was right. It certainly wasn't correct from a biblical perspective. (In fact, some of those killed in the Inquisition were Bible-believing Christians.) Furthermore, that doesn't mean that such murderers went to Heaven. A former murderer who repents and puts his faith in the salvation of the Lord can be saved, e.g., King David (Psalm 51). But no one who is truly saved will then go out and commit murder.

24 Hank Hanegraaff & Paul L. Maier, The Da Vinci Code: Fact or Fiction? (Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., 2004), 12.

25 Ibid.

26 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York, et al.: Doubleday, 2003), 1.

29 Will Durant, Caesar and Christ: A History of Roman Civilization and of Christianity From Their Beginnings to a.d. 325 (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1944; renewed 1972), 652.

30 The Nicene Creed in Felician A. Foy, ed., The 1988 Catholic Almanac (Huntington, Ind.: Our Sunday Visitor Publishing Division, 1987), 199-200.

31 Paraphrase of Phillip Cary, "The Logic of Trinitarian Doctrine," Religious and Theological Studies Fellowship Bulletin (September/October 1995): 2, cited in Roger E. Olson's and Christopher A. Hall, The Trinity (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2002), 46.

32 Jim Garlow and Peter Jones, Cracking Da Vinci's Code (Colorado Springs: Victor, an imprint of Cook Communications, 2004), 94.

33 Paul Maier, quoted in D. James Kennedy, Who Is This Jesus (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries-TV, 2000), a video.

35 Bruce Metzer, quoted in ibid.

37 Sam Lamerson, quoted in ibid.

39 Darrell L. Bock, Breaking the Da Vinci Code (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2004), 131.

40 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York, et al.: Doubleday, 2003), 231.

41 James M. Robinson, gen. ed., The Nag Hammadi Library in English (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, A Division of HarperCollinsPublishers, 1978 / 1990), 148.

42 Erwin Lutzer, The Da Vinci Deception (Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale, 2004), 67.

43 Sam Lamerson, quoted in D. James Kennedy, Who Is This Jesus (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries-TV, 2000), a video.

44 Transcript of Richard Abanes interview (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries-TV, 2005).

45 James M. Robinson, gen. ed., The Nag Hammadi Library in English (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, A Division of HarperCollinsPublishers, 1978/1990), 148.

46 Ben Witherington III, The Gospel Code (Downers Grove, 1ll.: IVP, 2004), 37.

47 Transcript of an interview with Gary Habermas (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries-TV, 2004).

48 Hank Hanegraaff & Paul L Maier, The Da Vinci Code: Fact or Fiction? (Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., 2004), 34.

49 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York, et al.: Doubleday, 2003), 232.

50 Carl E. Olson and Sandra Miesel, The Da Vinci Hoax: Exposing the Errors in The Da Vinci Code (San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2004), 145-146.

51 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York, et al.: Doubleday, 2003), 1.

52 Hank Hanegraaff & Paul L Maier, The Da Vinci Code: Fact or Fiction? (Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., 2004), 35.

53 There is a sense in which the "end days" have been with us from the era of the New Testament to the present. Peter says in Acts 2:17 that these predicted for the "last days" were being fulfilled in those days. So we are not saying that the very end is necessarily right around the corner. Also, the author of Hebrews says, "in these last days"—referring to his own day (Hebrews 1:2). So are these the last days? Yes, and they have been since the New Testament to the present.

54 C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity (New York: MacMillan Publishing Company, 1960), 51.

55 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York, et al.: Doubleday, 2003), 248.

57 R. C. Sproul in D. James Kennedy, The Bible: Fable, Fraud or Fact? (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries, 1994), a video.

58 Don Feder, "Annihilation of the soul at the Harvard Divinity School" Los Angelos: Creators Syndicate, April 4, 1994.

59 Ibid.

60 Ibid.

61 Thomas J. Billitteri, "The Gospels: Was Jesus Misquoted?" St. Petersburg Times, January 29, 1994, 1A.

62 Robert Funk, Roy Hoover, and the Jesus Seminar, The Five Gospels; What Did Jesus Really Say? (New York: Macmillan, 1993).

63 "Jesus: A Divorced Father of Three? Latest Blast of Post Christianity Selling Like Mad in Australia, U.S." The Christian Challenge, November, 1992. Reprinted in The Christian News, Nov. 16, 1992.

64 Richard N. Ostling, "Jesus Christ, Plain and Simple" Time, January 10, 1994, 38.

65 N.T. Wright, "The New, Unimproved Jesus: An eminent scholar investigates the recent, intriguing attempts to find the 'real' Jesus," Christianity Today, September 13, 1993, 22-26.

66 Francis Martin in D. James Kennedy, Who Is This Jesus (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries, 2000), a video.

67 James Montgomery Boice in D. James Kennedy, The Bible: Fable, Fraud or Fact? (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries, 1994), a video.

68 Ibid.

70 Michael J. Wilkins and J.P. Moreland, ed.s, Jesus Under Fire: Modern Scholarship Reinvents the Historical Jesus (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1995).

71 The U.S. Book of Facts Statistics & Information for 1968 (New York: An Essandess Special Edition, 1967). Officially published by the U.S. Government as Statistical Abstract of the United States Issued by the Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, 42.

72 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1995 (New York: Funk & Wagnalls Corporation, 1994), 729.

73 The U.S. Book of Facts Statistics & Information for 1968 (New York: An Essandess Special Edition, 1967). Officially published by the U.S. Government as Statistical Abstract of the United States Issued by the Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5.

74 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1995 (New York: Funk & Wagnalls Corporation, 1994), 373.

75 World Almanac 2006 (New York: World Almanac Books, 2006), 714.

76 World Almanac and Book of Facts 1980 (New York: Newspaper Enterprise Association, Inc., 1979), 351.

77 World Almanac 2006 (New York: World Almanac Books, 2006), 714.

78 "Statistical Record of Membership," PCUSA, The Presbyterian Lay Committee, Springfield, Penn., fax dated September 1, 1995.

79 Membership size from Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) website at http://www.pcusa.org/navigation/whoweare.htm

80 Alister McGrath, "Why Evangelicalism Is the Future of Protestantism," Christianity Today, June 19, 1995, 18.

81 Lutheran Professor Leif Vaage of Lima, Peru. Cited by Gayle White, "Christ Was 'No Goody Two Shoes' Says Organizer of Jesus Seminar," The Atlanta Journal, September 30, 1989.

82 Robert Funk quoted in ibid.

83 Ibid.

84 Transcript of an interview with Adam McManus (KSLR, San Antonio) (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries-TV, 2006).

85 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York et al: Doubleday, 2003), 309.

86 Biblical archaeologist Joseph Free says that in the temples of the ancient Canaanites—the people whom God told the Israelites to drive out or destroy because of their depravity—practiced "debased sex worship," which resulted in child sacrifice. Their temples were "places of vice." (Joseph Free, Archaeology and

Bible History (Wheaton: Scripture Press, 1969), 122). The eminent archaeologist, W. F. Albright, concurs:

"In no country has so relatively great a number of figurines of the naked goddess of fertility, some distinctly obscene, been found. Nowhere does the cult of serpents appear so strongly. The two goddesses Astarte (Ashtaroth) and Anath are called the great goddesses which conceive but do not bear! Sacred courtesans and eunuch priests were excessively common. Human sacrifice was well-known . . . the erotic aspects of their cult must have sunk to extremely sordid depth of social degradation." [Quoted in Merrill Unger, Archaeology and the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1979), 75.] God commanded the Hebrews to clean all this up, and not to practice it.

87 Aruna Gnanadason, quoted in Susan Cyre, "Women's conference re-imagines new god," Rutherford, August, 1994,19.

88 Ibid.

89 "Onward Christian Sophists," National Review, April 18, 1994, 19.

90 George Archibald, "Anti-Vatican groups says Bible backs it," Washington Times, September 1, 1995, A1.

91 C. S. Lewis, The Screwtape Letters with Screwtape Proposes a Toast, Revised Edition (New York: Collier Books, Macmillan Publishing Company, 1961, 1982), 12.

92 C. S. Lewis, Miracles (New York: Macmillan, 1960), 164.

93 John R W. Stott, The Authority of the Bible (Downers Grove, Ill: IVP, 1974), 7, 17.

95 Ibid.

96 Tertullian, quoted in ibid., 27.

97 Transcript of an interview with Erwin Lutzer (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries-TV, 2004).

98 Ibid.

99 Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield, The Inspiration and Authority of the Bible (Philadelphia: Presbyterian and Reformed, 1948), quoted in Norman L. Geisler and William E. Nix, A General Introduction to the Bible (Chicago: Moody Press, 1968, 1988), 38-39.

100 Edward J. Young, quoted in Paul Enns, Moody Handbook on Theology (Chicago: Moody Press, 1989), 160.

101 Norman L. Geisler and William E. Nix, A General Introduction to the Bible (Chicago: Moody Press, 1968, 1988), 39.

102 Lee Strobel in D. James Kennedy, The Bible: Fable, Fraud or Fact? (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries, 1994), a video.

103 Lee Strobel and Gary Poole, Exploring The Da Vinci Code (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2006).

104 Lee Strobel, Inside the Mind of Unchurched Harry and Mary: How To Reach Friends And Family Who Avoid God And The Church (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1993), 36.

105 Peter Stoner, Science Speaks (Chicago: Moody Press, 1963), p. 109. Quoted in Josh McDowell, Evidence That Demands a Verdict (San Bernardino, Calif.: Campus Crusade for Christ, 1972), 167.

106 Lee Strobel, Inside The Mind Of Unchurched Harry & Mary: How To Reach Friends And Family Who Avoid God And The Church (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1993), 37.

107 Ibid.

108 Ibid.

109 Transcript of an interview with Ralph Muncaster (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries-TV, 2004).

110 Jim Garlow and Peter Jones, Cracking Da Vinci's Code (Colorado Springs: Victor, an imprint of Cook Communications, 2004), 133.

113 F. F. Bruce, The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable? (Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP, 1943, 1974), 27.

114 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York, et al.: Doubleday, 2003), 231.

115 Ravi Zacharias in D. James Kennedy, The Bible: Fable, Fraud or Fact? (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries, 1994), a video.

116 Sir Frederic G. Kenyon, The Bible and Archaeology, 288 f., quoted in Norman L. Geisler and William E. Nix, A General Introduction to the Bible (Chicago: Moody Press, 1968, 1988), 405.

117 Ravi Zacharias in D. James Kennedy, The Bible: Fable, Fraud or Fact? (Ft. Lauderdale: Coral Ridge Ministries, 1994), a video.

118 See Paul L. Maier, In the Fulness of Time: A Historian Looks at Christmas, Easter, and the Early Church (Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1991), 197-205.

119 Josh McDowell, Evidence that Demands a Verdict (San Bernadino, Calif.: Campus Crusade for Christ, 1972, 209.

120 Quoted in ibid., 214.

122 Ibid.

123 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York et al: Doubleday, 2003), 231.

124 Transcript from a TV interview with Jerry Newcombe, Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., Spring 1988.

125 Josh McDowell, Evidence That Demands a Verdict, 179.

126 Hill's Lectures in Divinity, Vol. I, pp. 47, 48. Quoted in William Taylor, The Miracles of Our Saviour (New York: Hodder and Stoughton, 1890), 2122.

128 Quoted in Josh McDowell, Evidence That Demands a Verdict, 244.

129 Ibid., 248255.

130 One of the reasons he came to believe this was because it says in John 5:2, "Now there is in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate a pool..." [emphasis mine] When the Roman Titus came in 70 A.D., he thoroughly destroyed Jerusalem and much of Israel. So Robinson believed, therefore, that John, the final gospel to be was written before 70 A.D

131 Gary Habermas, The Historical Jesus: Ancient Evidence for the Life of Christ (Joplin, Missouri, College Press Publishing Company, 1996),

187-228.

132 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York, et al.: Doubleday, 2003), 232233.

134 J. Gilchrist, Greatest Thoughts About Jesus Christ (New York: Richard R. Smith, Inc., 1930), 127.

139 If you would like more information to help you get grounded in the Christian faith, write to me at Coral Ridge Ministries, Box 40, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33308 and ask for Beginning Again. Co-author Jerry Newcombe highly recommends a book that has helped him. It is a three-year "through-the-Bible" study guide, Search the Scriptures, edited by Alan Stibbs (Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP, 1949, 1974). It is now available in paperback.

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