The Worldwide Crisis Of Christian Cul Tures

The Russian version of Byzantine Christendom received a fatal blow in 1917. The rest of Europe had begun a process of secularization several centuries earlier. This secularization process gradually turned into "secularism." What started out as a process to give proper autonomy to the temporal sphere became an anti-Christian philosophy. Many men of the Church had been spending their time defending Christendom as a culture rather than Christianity as a religion. They defended the cultural influence of the Church and eventually the papal states. Defense of the papal states is deeply interwoven into Vatican I, the Council which took place in the latter half of the nineteenth century. The Church was deeply concerned about the fact that Italian "libertines" wanted to attack the papal states. Today we have regained a healthy measure of liberty, much in the same way that ancient Israel did in the Babylonian exile: through poverty and persecution.

In Hispano-America, anticlerical liberalism and positivism were the instruments of divine providence. Secularization, laicism, and secularism helped to restore some degree of liberty to the Church.

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