Appendix

A Latin American People in the United States

More than 25 percent of the Catholics in the United States are Spanish-speaking. Besides the more than 15 million chicanos, or "Mexican Americans," there are other latinos from nearly all the Latin American countries, especially Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and Cuba. Demographic projections based on birth rate and immigration indicate that by the year 2000, 50 percent of U.S. Catholics will be of Latin American origin.

Since the Second World War the chicanos have become increasingly aware of their situation:

I am joaquin, lost in a world of confusion, caught up in the whirl of a gringo society, confused by the rules, scorned by attitudes, suppressed by manipulation.1

In 1962, the year the Vatican Council opened, Cesar Chavez began his work with the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC) in California. In 1963 Reiess Lopez Tijeirina founded the Alianza Federal de Mercedes in New Mexico. Thus began the confrontation between the chicanos and the established economic power that would lead to police repression, jail, and the assassinations of chicano leaders. In 1965 the long huelga took place in California and in the San joaquin Valley we saw the

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