The Phenomenon Of Christianity

Christians appeared on the scene during the third Semitic stage of world cultural history , and they evangelized the Roman empire. Islam, too, is a Semitic phenomenon which spread far and wide. This Semitic history of Europe has been extended down to the age of secularization. In a secularized form it has to be extended even to China, which eventually was won over to a way ofthinking that is ontolog-ically Semitic to a certain extent i.e., Marxism. Thus only one group remains Indo-European...

History And The Theology Of Liberation

Human beings had not committed sin, they would share everything with each other and live in a state of justice-without private property. Basil was a monk, and the monks lived a life in common as opposed to the system of private ownership that prevailed in civilized towns and cities. According to Thomas Aquinas, private property is a jus gentium, not a natural right. The notion of the right of peoples or nations is discussed by a scholastic professor of Salamanca, the late Santiago Ramirez. He...

Colonial Christendom In Latin America

Now we come to our own version of Christian culture. For our purposes here we may consider it still another version of Christendom. It is the Christendom of the Indies of which Toribio de Mogrovejo spoke in his letters around the start of the Third Council of Lima in 1582-83. And our version of Christendom, unlike that of the Byzantine empire and that of the Roman em pire, has been a colonial one . We have been on the periphery, while the previous versions of Christendom have been in the...

Or Prefabricated Formulas

Pastoral activity in Latin America cannot rely on recipes or prefabricated formulas. We must work out feasible solutions as we go along. This means that we must learn how to interpret real everyday life. Theology, then, has an important role to play. Once upon a time our priests went to Europe to get doctorates in Canon Law it was the sure road to the episcopacy. More recently the emphasis has been on the social sciences sociology, economics, political science. Today we are rediscovering the...

The Reality Of Violence In La Tin America

The physiognomy of events is different to some extent in every country of Latin America, but we cannot explore every country here. So let us try to examine the problem of violence in terms of a couple of countries. Colombia is a country in which violence has reigned since the first days of Spanish conquest. The conquistadores slaughtered Indians in wholesale fashion as they went about looking for gold. One bishop noted that the lndians had come to assume that gold was the god of the Spaniard,...

The Indoeuropeans

A second cultural stage occurred when a series of invasions from the north swept over the Eurasian continent during the second millenium before Christ. Gradually the existing original cultures were submerged totally under alien domination. These aliens were the Indo-Europeans.2 Around 4000 B.C. the Indo-Europeans lived somewhere north of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. Their original homeland was the Eurasian steppe area. The first to domesticate the horse, they were skillful riders and...

The Attitude Of Bishops And Priests

The Chilean episcopate provided the model for Latin America in the decades which preceded Vatican II. Since Vatican II, it is the Brazilian episcopate that has pointed out the road for us. They have found themselves at a very difficult crossroad, and many of them have played an important role. Among them, of course, stands Dom Helder Camara. His life has been most interesting. He is the son of a public school teacher, and hence he grew up in an educa-ional atmosphere. He was ordained at the age...