Open License

The author of this book hereby grants an open license to all interested parties to reproduce this publication in any quantity desired, and to distribute it to any parties they may desire, so long as said reproduction remains a faithful and complete copy of the original without addition, deletion, modification, or any other changes whatsoever unless explicitly authorized in writing by the author. The author also reserves the right to deny this open license to any parties whom he deems have abused it in any way. Any party or parties believed to have abused this privilege will be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law. The author also forbids any and all parties from making monetary gain from this book with the exception of recouping the costs of printing, shipment, and general administrative costs alone with no profit whatsoever unless explicitly authorized in writing by the author. The author reserves the right to deny this open license to any and all parties he wishes without justification or notification if he deems this necessary.

In other words, if you have honorable intentions then you have nothing to fear.

Copyright and ISBN number filed and pending ©Copyright 1995, Misha'al Al-Kadhi

The great messenger of God, Jesus, says: "And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent." John 17:3

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: "Do not over-praise me as the Christians over-praised Jesus the son of Mary. I am His slave, so say:

'Allah's slave and messenger'." Narrated by both Al-Bukhari and Muslim

Table of Contents

Preface 8

Goal of this book 14

Follow this chart from Christianity to Islam 21

Table of Definitions and Abbreviations 23

Chapter 1 Christian-Muslim Dialogue 24

1.1 Christian Perspective 28

1.2 Muslim Perspective 33 From the Bible's standpoint 38 From the Qur'an's standpoint 44 From a logical standpoint 45

1.2.5 Historical origin of the 'Trinity' myth 64

1.2.6 The systematic destruction of the law of Jesus 73

1.2.7 Christianity's True Founder, Paul, Admits Fabrication 76

1.2.9 Conclusion 91

Chapter 2 Contradictions in the Bible 93

2.1 Christian scholars recognize contradictions 93

2.2 A small sampling of these contradictions 102

2.3 Did mankind tamper with the Old Testament? 122

2.4 When is a book an 'inspired' book? 130

Chapter 3 Ancient Pagan parallels to Christianity 135

Chapter 4 Jesus ' second coming and the myth of 'Grace ' 144

Chapter 5 Various Miscellanea 147

5.1 A Biblical Picture of God 147

5.2 My grandfather did it (or: Is King David Going to Hell?) 150

5.3 Poison yourself or be damned 151

5.4 Who's will is stronger? 151

5.6 Like Jesus prayed 156

5.7 Like Jesus' greeting 156

5.8 Black slaves and Christian misinterpretation of the Bible 157

5.9 Melchizedek, A god greater than Jesus? 158

5.10 The Ultimate Test of Jesus 161

5.11 Who Was 'Immanuel'? 163

5.12 Eli, Eli, Lama Sabachthani 165

5.13 Hiding the Miracles 166

Chapter 6 Mohammad in the Bible 169

Error! Not a valid heading level in TOC entry on page 171

6.2 Grave warnings for all who do not follow him 174

6.3 Three distinct prophesies 174

6.4 Foretells the story of the chapter of 'Al-Alak' 175

6.5 The emigration 179

6.6 Truthfulness of Mohammad (pbuh) 179

6.7 Isaiah's vision 180

6.8 Legitimacy of Hagar and Ishmael 183

6.9 Reference to Moses, Jesus, & Muhammad in that order 191

6.10 Jesus predicts the coming of Muhammad 193

6.11 God did not kill Muhammad for speaking in His name 197

6.12 Glorifies Jesus (pbuh) 198

6.13 A Paraclete like Jesus 198

Chapter 7 Jesus in the Qur'an 210

Chapter 8 What is Islam 221

Chapter 9 Islamic faith: Some details 233

Chapter 10 Scientific Statements in the Holy Qur'an 252

Chapter 11 ' We' an Arabic plural of respect 264

Chapter 12 Women in Christianity and Islam 266

Chapter 13 1992:The Dead Sea Scrolls confirm the Qur'an 274

Chapter 14 Additional references 288

Self-Test Section 290



{fW 7 erily! the likeness of Jesus with Allah/God is as the likeness of Adam. ■ / He created him of dust, then He said unto him: Be! and he was. (This is) r the truth from your Lord (O Muhammad), so be not you of those who waver. And whosoever disputes with you concerning him, after the knowledge which has come unto you, say (unto him): Come! We will summon our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves, then we will pray humbly (to our Lord) and (solemnly) invoke the curse of Allah upon those who lie. Verily! This is the true narrative. There is no god save Allah, and verily! Allah is the Mighty, the Wise. And if they turn away, then Verily! Allah is Aware of the corrupters. Say: O People of the Scripture. Come to a word that is just between us and you: that we shall worship none but Allah, and that we shall ascribe no partners unto Him, and that we shall not take each other for lords beside Allah. And if they turn away, then say: Bear witness that we are they who have surrendered (unto Him)(literally: "we are Muslims")." The Qur'an, A'al-Umran(3)59-64.

"I have read in Moslem writings such deep and tender expressions of respect and reverence for Jesus that for the time I almost forgot, I was not reading the words of a Christian writer. How different, it is sad to say, has been the way in which Christians have spoken and written of Muhammad. Let us put it down to it's true cause, ignorance" Reverend R. Maxwell King

In the name of Allah, most beneficent, most merciful. I give all thanks to Allah for His bounties and knowledge and that He has guided me to Islam. I also ask Allah almighty that He bestow his peace and blessings upon Muhammad and grant him the highest rewards and exalted stations in Heaven. Further, I ask Allah almighty that He grant His peace and blessings upon all of His prophets from the beginning of time, including Adam, Abraham, Noah, Moses, David, and Jesus, as well as all of the countless others, peace be upon them all, may their names be held in the highest honor for all time.

I feel that this book is best described as my own humble attempt at the compilation and collection of the life long works of many famous and knowledgeable scholars and writers. My contribution to this book has probably been restricted to the collection of these works in one publication. So, as they say, I hereby give credit where credit is due. Among these authors are such people as Shaik Ahmed Deedat, Shaik Rahmat-Allah ibn Khaleel al-Rahman al-Hindi, Dr. Jamal Badawi, Mr. Muhammad vAta ur-Rahim, Mr. Akbarally Meherally, Shaik Shams al-Deen ibn Kayyem Al-Jawziah, Dr. Muhammad Ali alkhuli, Mrs. Ulaft Aziz-us-Samad, Dr. Ahmad Dawood Al-Mizjaji, and Mr. M. A. Yusseff to name a few. To these individuals I dedicate this book. I also dedicate this book to my mother who always taught me to have tolerance and an open mind, and to my father, who taught me to continually seek out knowledge as long as I may live.

Muslims are encouraged to study and gain knowledge and to base their worship upon knowledge and not just faith. Abu-Darda said: I heard the messenger of Allah (pbuh) say: "If anyone travels on a road in search of knowledge, Allah/God will cause him to travel on one of the roads of Paradise. The angels will lower their wings in their great pleasure with one who seeks knowledge, the inhabitants of the heavens and the Earth and the fish in the deep waters will ask forgiveness for the learned man. The superiority of the learned man over the devout is like that of the moon, on the night when it is full, over the rest of the stars. The learned are the heirs of the Prophets, and the Prophets leave neither dinar nor dirham (kinds of currency), leaving only knowledge, and he who takes it takes an abundant portion." (narrated by Abu Dawood).

Muslims are also encouraged to study other religions and to compare them to Islam. They are commanded to never be among those who accept Islam on blind faith or in conformance to the current trend in their society. Rather, they are commanded to make up their own minds and to enter into Islam with their eyes wide open, after they have thoroughly tested it's validity as the command of God. "There is no compulsion in religion. The right path is henceforth distinct from misguidance" The Qur'an, Al-Bakarah(2):256.

It was because of the above reasons that, upon my arrival in the United States in 1992, I decided to spend my spare time researching Christianity. I did this in order to verify the affirmations of the Qur'an with regard to mankind's distortion of the Gospels. If the Qur'an did indeed prove to have fabricated lies against the Bible then I would know that it was not the word of God. I therefore set about purchasing many different "versions" of the Bible such as the Revised Standard Version (RSV), the King James Version (KJV or Authorized version), and so forth. I also purchased many Christian Biblical references as well as some Islamic references. Armed with this cache of information I set about my task and as the Bible puts it "Prove all things, hold fast that which is good." 1 Thessalonians 5:21.

Before, during, and after all of this I was continually being asked by various people about Islam. Many allegations were presented against Muhammad (pbuh) and Islam in general. I began to notice a basic trend of general ignorance of the fundamental teachings of Islam as well a tendency when cornered to invoke "Blind faith," or to attempt to explain practically every single discrepancy in the Bible through abstraction and applying hidden meanings to every verse which did not set well with them. The general tendency was to reject the words of the Qur'an, even before bothering to read them, because they are the words of "some Bedouin Arab out of the desert" (Having themselves forgotten that Jesus, Moses, and ALL of the other prophets of the Bible, peace be upon them all, came from practically the exact same locale), not to accept the words of Islamic scholars because they are biased, not to accept the words of Christian scholars because they are "Liberals," and not even to accept obvious discrepancies and contradictions between the verses of the Bible because of "blind faith " and because "If you do not take the verses so literally but give them the following abstract meaning then they will not contradict one another..." and so forth (see chapter 2.2). I felt that a belief that constantly needed people to make excuses for it and that demanded blind faith without understanding was not for me. Thus, I managed to prove to myself the validity of the affirmations of the Qur'an.

In the Qur'an, we are told that mankind changed the message of Jesus (pbuh) after his departure. The Qur'an further states that if a book of God has been tampered with by the hands of mankind then this tampering will be recognizable by the inevitable contradictions which will result from this tampering. God says in the Qur'an: "Do they not consider the Qur'an (with care)? Had it been from other than Allah, they would have surely found therein much discrepancy." Al-Nissa(4):82. The Bible itself also testifies to the fact that a false witness will inevitably result in contradictions and discrepancy: "For many bare false witness against him(Jesus), but their witness agreed not together." Mark 14:56

I began to search for a comprehensive reference on the fundamental differences between Islam and Christianity such as the "trinity," the "incarnation," the "atonement," and the "original sin." I was, however, surprised to find none. The information is out there, however, it is distributed throughout countless books, booklets, pamphlets and the like. From the Christian side, I had at first expected my research to involve a slow and painful search through obscure ancient documents. This did not prove to be the case. Once I began to look for the truth, I was practically overwhelmed by a veritable avalanche of Christian studies all leading to the same conclusion: That St. Paul, a man who had never met Jesus (pbuh) personally, and the author of the majority of the books of the New Testament, had seriously corrupted the teachings of Jesus (pbuh) and substituted them with his own "version" of Christianity totally in opposition to that which Jesus (pbuh) and his apostles had taught their followers. I was astounded to see that even with the many thousands of Christian publications, from eminent Christian scholars, which, to one degree or another readily admit these facts, still, Christianity as a whole is all but ignorant of these matters. I therefore undertook to collect this information into a series of articles which were published on a very limited scale inside the university I was studying at at the time.

After having completed these articles I decided to collect them into one handy reference with the core information having being collected from external sources but having been reorganized into what I believe to be a more intuitive and useful order. In some cases, I have found myself unable to improve upon the wording and layout of other authors, so I have shamelessly copied their words almost verbatim. However, I believe that such straight copying has been confined to less than 5% of the content of this book and has been restricted to the writings of the first four of the aforementioned authors as well as Shaik Muhammad Al-Uthaimeen. Once again, credit where credit is due.

Countless thousands of books have been published by Christian scholars on the topic of the various contradictions in the Bible. It has been my experience, however, that most of these books have gone one of two different routes: Either they try to (1) Reconcile every single discrepancy through abstraction and so forth, and when they are presented with two conflicting versions of one story in the Bible they simply choose the one they personally prefer and claim the other was a scribal error, or (2) They claim that Jesus (pbuh) was no more than a legend and a myth, and that the Bible, the apostles, and even Jesus himself were only figments of someone's imagination. This book, however, goes a different route, that of Islam and the holy Qur'an. In this book it is demonstrated that Jesus (pbuh) was indeed a true prophet of God but that his message was corrupted by those who came after him for personal gain. It also demonstrates how the Bible, even after all of this tampering, still contains the message of Jesus (pbuh) for those who truly place the words of Jesus (pbuh) above those of all of mankind without exception.

I do not deceive myself. This book will never be the definitive answer to all questions. There are just too many Christian sects for one book to be able to address the beliefs of them all. However, I hope that this book will at least get people to think and get them interested enough that they may go out, read the Bible and the Qur'an carefully, and seek knowledge for themselves. If I manage to accomplish this then I have done my job. There are many other things I would like to say but I must keep the size of this book under some semblance of control. I have therefore spent most of my efforts speaking about comparative religion between Islam and Christianity in order to prove the truthfulness of the affirmations of the Qur'an and that it was indeed sent by the same God that sent Jesus (pbuh). If I could add one more chapter I would probably speak in a little more detail about the Dead Sea Scrolls, as well as about Islam and science and discuss some of the scientific statements made in the Qur'an which are only beginning to be verified today (By independent non-Muslim scientists). Anyone wishing to obtain further information on this topic, however, will find the following books to be extremely useful and informative:

1) Qur'an and modern science: Correlation Studies, by Keith L. Moore, Abdul-Majeed A. Zindani, Mustafa A. Ahmed

2) The Developing Human, By Dr. Keith Moore.

3) The Bible, the Qur'an and science (book), by Dr. Maurice Bucaille.

4) The Qur'an and modern science (booklet), by Dr. Maurice Bucaille.

I would also like to point out that the "referencing" system employed in this book still needs some work in order to bring it in line with more accepted modern norms, however, that will have to be left to another day. I believe that it's current form is adequate for a first version, and by Allah's will, this issue will be dealt with in the future.

I would like to make a couple of matters clear from the outset so that there will be no misunderstanding as to my beliefs and/or intentions:

1) Muslims do not hate Christians nor harbor ill will against them. This is a common misconception in the West about Muslims. My intent is only to counter the continuous and unrelenting onslaught of hatred and slander Muslims are constantly being bombarded with in the West. I have found that this is a direct result of the Western media's campaign to portray all Muslims in the worst possible light and to ensure that the general pubic never hears the words "Muslim" or "Islam" unless it is associated with the words "fundamentalist," "extremist," "terrorist," "gorilla," "underground," "death squad," and so forth. This is especially the case since the fall of the Soviet Union. Suddenly, there appears to be a need for a new "bad guy", since there are roughly 1.2 billion Muslims around the world today, therefore, Muslims were chosen as the prime candidates for this position. Muslims are told in the Qur'an: "..and nearest among them (mankind) in love to the believers (Muslims) will you find those who say 'we are Christians': because among these are men devoted to learning and men who have renounced the world, and they are not arrogant" The Qur'an, Al-Maidah(5):82.

"The people of the book" are also singled out by God in the Qur'an to receive the following treatment: "And argue not with the people of the book unless it be in (a way) which is better (than mere arguing), except with such of them that do wrong, and say (to them): 'We believe in that which had been revealed to us and revealed to you, and our God and your God is One, and to Him we have submitted (literally: We are Muslims)" Al-Ankaboot(29):46. Muslims simply wish for Christians the exact same thing that Christians wish for Muslims: That we all be guided to the truth of God and His ultimate reward.

By now it should be obvious that Islam is not, as the stereotype would have one believe, an underground terrorist group dedicated to the total destruction of civilized life as we know it. Because of all of the above, I have striven to avoid in this book all statements which might be misunderstood to be hateful, inflammatory, or disrespectful. However, the fundamental goals of this book make it necessary to exhibit many contradictory statements in the New and Old Testaments in order to prove the Qur'an's claim: that mankind took great liberties with God's scriptures after the departure of their prophets and have perverted His original message to them. Muslims are told that these tampering fingers have left many contradictions for those who would only look for them. For this reason, I have attempted to keep my own comments to a minimum and only present the contradictory verses of the Bible side-by-side so that they may be studied critically (see for example the table in chapter 2.2). Those people who have made up their minds beforehand that they will hate me for this and will not see the contradictions and the tampering fingerprints no matter how much proof is presented are kindly asked to stop reading now. This book is not for them. Those readers who are willing to keep an open mind are invited to accompany us in our quest for the truth of God.

2) Some readers may misinterpret some of my statements to be disrespectful of God almighty, His prophets, His scriptures, or the apostles of Jesus. This too is unintentional. Any one of these matters is considered a sin of the highest order in Islam. The goal of this book is only to present the proof of that which Christian scholars the world over now recognize as scientific fact: That the alleged authors of the Bible are not the true authors, and as a result of this, they have written therein matters regarding God/Allah, His prophets, and their apostles that were not inspired by either God nor his prophets. All claims made in this book should be understood to be against these "hidden" authors and not God, His prophets, His original scriptures, or the original disciples.

3) As mentioned above, I am not a scholar of religion, nor an "evangelist," nor have any official diplomas in religious studies. I wrote this book in my spare time while pursuing graduate degrees in the field of Engineering within the United States. My own feeble contribution in no way compares to those of Islam's more learned and knowledgeable scholars. However, I saw a void which in my opinion had yet to be filled, so I have done my best to fill it. There are many more comprehensive and detailed studies of this topic written in the Arabic language (e.g. "AlJawab Assahih"). However, until such a time as more of these great works can be translated into English, I hope that this book will serve as a temporary substitute.

4) When I speak about "Islam" in this book, I refer to the "Islam" taught by Muhammad (pbuh) and practiced by his followers, as preserved for us within the writings of thousands of Islamic scholars and handed down to us through an unbroken chain of authenticated narrators in the countless thousands of books of the "seerah" and "Hadeeth." This is the Islam which has been preserved in the Arabian peninsula (the home country of Muhammad pbuh) to this day. This Islam, the Islam of Muhammad (pbuh), does not attempt to promote specific humans, or groups thereof, to higher levels of divine authority and power than others, such as is preached by the leaders of the newly established so called "Nation of Islam" groups in the United States who are told by Louis Farakhan, Elijah Poole, and W. D. Fard, that "Islam" preaches the superiority of a certain race or color and other such innovations. True Islam also does not follow the beliefs of the leaders of the "shi'ite" groups of some Eastern countries which also attribute to specific human beings boundless supernatural powers and the ability to pass out passes to heaven and so forth. True Muslims are innocent of such people, their preaching, and their actions (remember David Koresh, Jim Jones, and the Christian Serb army among many others).

5) How to read this book:

As mentioned previously, this book has been written with the goal of being a little more comprehensive than most other such English publication which I have come across during my research. What I mean by this is not that I feel at all superior to these great scholars, only that the English publications I have thus far come across did not convey the overall picture of Islam, Christianity, and the relationship between them which I wished to see in one English reference. The inevitable result of making a book comprehensive is that it also becomes large. For this reason, an attempt has been made to divide this book into many sub-topics with each sub-topic spanning only a few pages, and thus, the book becomes easy to read a piece at a time. I strongly encourage the reader to read this book in the order it was written. This is because the chapters will complement each other more completely if they are read in their written order. However, an attempt has also been made to make the chapters independent of one another for those readers who wish to jump directly to a specific topic of interest to them. For such readers a chart has been supplied to help them select the most relevant topic to them by asking them a few questions. Start at the top of the chart and work your way down by answering the questions and following the resultant directions.

I would like to thank all of those who helped me to publish this book, including Shaik Ahmed Deedat, brother Ammar Amonette, brother Idris Palmer, brother Ali Tamimi, brother Ismael Mujahid, brother Dawood Madan, Dr. Rafil Dhafir, brother Abdullah Firdous Abdulrazzak, brother Mansor Matbouli, brother Abdulrahman Al-Ali, brother Sherif Muhammad, brother Reza Scholten, brother Farid Adlouni, Dr. Bassem Khafagi, and brother Ibraheem Pastuszak, who all contributed in one way or another in the completion of this book, either with suggestions on modifications or corrections, in countless hours proof-reading it, or in various other aspects such as generally helping out with their comments and suggestions whenever possible. For all of the countless others who have assisted in this project but who I have forgotton to mention here, I thank you too. Your efforts are very deeply appreciated. I would also like to thank all of the above authors for their efforts which have made these matters clear for us. May Allah almighty guide us unto his whole truth. Amen.

Misha'al ibn Abdullah Al-Kadhi April 1995

^A-lil! JjLuLa

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