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129 See Albert M. Hyamson, Palestine: The Rebirth of an Ancient People (London, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1917), pp. 162-163; Salo W. Baron, A Social and Religious History of the Jews (New York, Columbia University Press, 1937) vol. 2. p. 327. Cited in Sharif, Non-Jewish., p. 52.

130 Salo W. Baron, A Social and Religious History of the Jews (New York, Columbia University Press, 1937) vol. 2. p. 327. Cited in Sharif, Non-Jewish., p. 52.

132 Douglas J. Culver, Albion & Ariel, British Puritanism and the Birth of Political Zionism (New York, Peter Lang, 1995); and Barbara Tuchman, The Bible and the Sword, How the British came to Palestine (London, Macmillan, 1957).

134 Tuchman, Bible and the Sword (London, Macmillan, 1982) p. 115.

135 As quoted by Norman Bentwich and John M. Shaftesley, 'Forerunners of Zionism in the Victorian Era', p. 210; See also Edwin Hodder, The Life and Work of the Seventh Earl of Shaftesbury (London, 1886), vol. 1, pp. 310-311, both cited in Sharif, Non-Jewish., p. 56.

136 M.J. Pragai, Faith and Fulfilment, Christians and the Return to the Promised Land (London, Vallentine, Mitchell, 1985), p. 45.

137 Earl of Shaftesbury, 'State and Prospects of the Jews', Quarterly Review, London, January/March 1839. Cited in Wagner, Anxious, p.91, and Sharif, Non-Jewish., p. 42.

139 Palmerston to Ponsonby, Public Record office MSS, F.O. 195/165, (no. 261) 25 November 1840. cited in Tuchman, Bible., p. 175; and Sharif, Non-Jewish., pp. 58-59.

140 Tuchman, Bible., p. 176

141 As cited in Sir Charles Webster, The Foreign Policy of Palmerston 1830-1841 (London, 1951), vol. 2. p. 761.

142 cited in Wagner., Anxious, p. 91.

145 cited in Wagner, Anxious., p. 92; also Albert H. Hyamson, Palestine under the Mandate (London, 1950), p. 10, cited in Sharif, Non-Jewish, p. 42.

146 Sharif, Non-Jewish, p. 67.

147 Cited in Tuchman, Bible., p. 173.

148 Regina Sharif, Non-Jewish Zionism (London, Zed Press, 1983), p. 68.

149 Brearley, Jerusalem., p. 112.

151 Theodor Herzl, The Diaries of Theodor Herzl (New York, 1956), cited in Sharif, Non-Jewish., p. 71.

152 Cited in Philip Guedalla, Napoleon and Palestine (London, 1925), pp. 45-55, quoted in Sharif, Non-Jewish, p. 79.

155 Sharif, Non-Jewish., p. 78

157 Kenneth Young, Arthur James Balfour (London, G. Bell & Sons, Ltd., 1963), p. 256.

159 Kaplan, Arabists, pp. 8-9.

164 Ronaldshay, The Life of Lord Curzon, vol. 3, (London, Ernest Benn, 1928), p. 160.

170 O'Mahony, Christianity., p. 471.

171 Idinopulos, Jerusalem., p. 283.

172 Idinopulos, Jerusalem., p. 283.

175 Idinopulos, Jerusalem., p. 291.

176 Idinopulos, Jerusalem., p. 294.

177 cited in Wagner, Anxious., p. 142.

180 Arthur Pollard, 'The Influence and Significance of Simeon's Work' in Charles Simeon 1759-1836, ed. Arthur Pollard & Michael Hennell (London, SPCK, 1964), p. 180.

181 Pollard, Charles., p. 180.

182 Anthony O'Mahony, 'Christianity in the Holy Land, The historical background', The Month, December 1993, p. 470.

183 Rennie MacInnes, Palestine Church Council, Facts and Needs (Jerusalem, 1925), p. 4.

185 Kelvin Crombie, For the Love of Zion, Christian witness and the restoration of Israel (London, Hodder and Stoughton, 1991)

186 Based on an interview with a senior Palestinian Clergyman. These interviews are transcribed, but to retain confidentiality they are annotated by date and number (Interview 1993:3.12).

187 Margaret Duggan, 'Keeping faith with the Christians in the Holy Land'. Church Times, 21 February 1992, p. 8.

188 Kenneth Scott Latourette, Christianity in a Revolutionary Age, Volume 5, The 20th Century Outside Europe (Exeter, Paternoster, 1962), p. 292.

189 Robert Kaplan, The Arabists, The Romance of an American Elite (New York, The Free Press, 1993)

191 J.A. Simpson & E.S.C. Weiner, The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd. edn. (Oxford, Oxford University press, 1989), p. 598.

195 Albert Hourani, A History of the Arab Peoples (London, Faber and Faber, 1991), p. 327. n.b. The Syrian Protestant College was renamed the American University of Beirut after the First World War.

201 Antonius, Arab., foreword.

204 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 185.

205 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 139.

206 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 148.

207 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 148.

208 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 151.

210 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 158.

211 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 158.

212 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 158.

213 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 164.

214 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 182.

215 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 189.

216 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 189.

217 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 190.

218 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 191.

219 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 193.

220 Middle East Realities 'Lie of the Week' (Internet:[email protected], 01/11/95)

221 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 255.

222 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 257.

223 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 312.

224 Shirley Eber, 'Getting stoned on holiday, Tourism on the Front Line' In Focus, Tourism Concern, 2, Autumn 1991, pp. 4-5.

225 Edward Said, Orientalism (New York, Vintage, 1978)

226 Said, Orientalism, p. 45.

227 Kaplan, Arabists., foreword.

230 John Haynes Holmes, Palestine Today and Tomorrow: A Gentile's Survey of Zionism (New York, Macmillan, 1929), pp. 89, 248. Cited in Sharif, Non-Jewish., p. 135.

231 Said, Orientalism., pp. 47-48.

232 Said, Orientalism, pp. 48-49.

233 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 296.

234 Kaplan, Arabists., p. 297.

236 Said, Orientalism, p. 328.

237 Shirley Eber, 'Reflections on Images', Tourism in Focus, Tourism Concern, 6, Winter 1993, p. 3.

239 Keith Roberts, Religion in Sociological Perspective (Belmont, California, Wadsworth, 1990), p. 262.

240 Erling Jorstad, The Politics of Doomsday, Fundamentalists of the Far Right (Nashville, Abingdom, 1970)

241 George Marsden, Understanding Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism (Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1991)

242 Reinhold Niebuhr, The Nation, 21 February 1942, pp. 214-216 and 28 February 1942, pp. 253-255. Cited in Sharif, Non-Jewish., p. 113.

243 US Department of State, Hearings of the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry, 14 January 1946, p. 147. Cited in Sharif, Non-Jewish., p. 113.

244 M. R. DeHaan, Daniel the Prophet, 35 Simple Studies in the Book of Daniel (Grand Rapids, Michigan, Zondervan, 1947), pp.

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