The second, and longest, main section of the Christian creeds is devoted to Jesus Christ. In it are affirmed his identity: the incarnate Son of God, and the purpose of his coming: the salvation and judgement of the human race. This doctrine of the Incarnation, from early days, came to form the heart of traditional Christianity. With it, there emerged the doctrine of the Trinity; since belief in the divinity of Christ was held to entail a revised understanding of the God of Jewish faith. We shall consider the doctrine of the Trinity in the next chapter. Here we examine what Anglo-American analytical philosophers of religion have contributed to the criticism, clarification and defence of the doctrine of the Incarnation.

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