Creation

1 Thomas Aquinas, Summa Contra Gentiles, Books I and II, translated, with an Introduction and Notes, by Anton C. Pegis (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1975).

2 Norman Kretzmann, The Metaphysics of Theism. Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa Contra Gentiles I (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997), and The Metaphysics of Creation. Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa Contra Gentiles II (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999).

3 The Metaphysics of Theism, p. 113.

4 Thomas V. Morris, Anselmian Explorations (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1987).

5 Anselm, Proslogion II

6 Morris, Anselmian Explorations, p.12.

7 Plato, Timaeus 27d following.

8 Plato, Republic Book VI.

10 Augustine, Confessions VII, §14.

11 George Gamow, The Creation of the Universe (New York: Viking Press, 1952; revised edn., 1961).

12 Keith Ward, Rational Theology and the Creativity of God (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1982).

14 Aquinas, Summa Theologiae Ia.46.2.

15 Morris, Anselmian Explorations, pp. 151ff.See also Bertrand Russell, The Analysis of Mind (London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1921), p. 159.

16 Richard E. Creel, Divine Impassibility. An Essay in Philosophical Theology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986), ch. 4.

17 Jonathan L. Kvanvig and Hugh McCann, 'Divine Conservation and the Persistence of the World', in Thomas V. Morris (ed.), Divine and Human Action. Essays in the Metaphysics of Theism (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1988), pp. 13-49.

18 See N. Malebranche, Dialogues on Metaphysics and Religion, ed. N. Jolley and D. Scott. Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

19 Philip L. Quinn, 'Divine Conservation, Secondary Causes and Occasionalism', in Morris (ed.), Divine and Human Action, pp. 50-73.

21 J. R. R. Tolkien, The Silmarillion (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1977), pp. 13-22.

22 Austin Farrer, A Science of God? (London: Geoffrey Bles Ltd, 1966), pp. 76ff. The American edition of this book was given a different title: God is not Dead (Wilton, CT: Morehouse-Barlow, 1966).

23 Hans Urs von Balthasar, Theodrama. Theological Dramatic Theory, vol. II (San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1990), p. 269.

24 See p. 36 above and The Metaphysics of Theism, pp. 223ff.

25 Keith Ward, Religion and Creation (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).

26 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Discourse on Metaphysics (1686), §6.

27 François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire, Candide (1759).

28 Richard Swinburne, Providence and the Problem of Evil (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998), pp. 8ff.

29 Robert Merrihew Adams, The Virtue of Faith and Other Essays in Philosophical Theology (New York; Oxford University Press, 1987), ch. 4.

30 Thomas V. Morris, 'Perfection and Creation', in Eleonore Stump (ed.), Reasoned Faith (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1993), pp. 234-47.

31 Balthasar, Theodrama.

32 Thomas V. Morris, Our Idea of God. An Introduction to Philosophical Theology (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1991), ch. 8.

33 Plato, Timaeus 38.

34 Richard Swinburne, The Coherence of Theism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977), ch. 12.

35 Ward, Religion and Creation, ch. 11.

36 See Austin Farrer, Faith and Speculation (London: Adam & Charles Black, 1967), ch. 11.

37 See Paul Helm, The Providence of God (Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press, 1993), ch. 2.

39 Paul Helm, Eternal God. A Study of God without Time (Oxford; Clarendon Press, 1988).

40 See, e.g., Brian Davies, Thinking about God (London: Geoffrey Chapman, 1985), ch. 5, and Eleonore Stump and Normann Kretzmann, 'Absolute Simplicity', in Faith and Philosophy 2 (1985), pp. 353-82.

41 See Swinburne, The Coherence of Theism, pp. 220ff.

42 Morris, Anselmian Explorations, p. 122.

44 Alfred N. Whitehead, Process and Reality (New York: Macmillan, 1929).

45 See, e.g., Charles Hartshorne, A Natural Theology for our Time (La Salle IL: Open Court, 1967); David Griffin, A Process Christology (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1973); and Norman Pittenger, The Lure of Divine Love.

Human Experience and Christian Faith in a Process Perspective (New York: The Pilgrim Press, 1979).

46 Farrer, Faith and Speculation.

47 In Austin Farrer, Reflective Faith. Essays in Philosophical Theology (London: SPCK, 1972), pp. 178-91.

48 Thomas F. Torrance, Divine and Contingent Order (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981).

49 Wolfhart Pannenberg, Toward a Theology of Nature. Essays on Science and Faith (Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1993).

50 In G. E. M. Anscombe and P. T. Geach, Three Philosophers (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1961).

51 See Russell's debate with F. C. Copleston, reprinted in John Hick (ed.), The Existence of God (New York: Macmillan, 1964), pp. 167-91.

52 See Ayer's debate with Copleston, reprinted in A. J. Ayer, The Meaning ofLife and Other Essays (New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1990).

53 Brian Hebblethwaite, The Ocean of Truth (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988), pp. 88f.

54 See Charles Gugnon (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), ch. 7.

55 Austin Farrer, Finite and Infinite. A Philosophical Essay, 2nd edn. (Westminster: Dacre Press, 1959), p. 299 (1st edn. 1943).

56 Stephen Hawking, Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays (London: Bantam Press, 1993), ch. 9.

58 William Lane Craig and Quentin Smith, Theism, Atheism and Big Bang Cosmology (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).

59 Compare Hawking, Black Holes, p. 99, with Stephen Hawking, A BriefHistory of Time (London: Bantam Press, 1988), p. 141.

60 John Polkinghorne, Science and Christian Belief. Theological Reflections of a Bottom-up Thinker (London: SPCK, 1994), p. 73.

61 Ward, Religion and Creation, pp. 296-9.

62 Richard Swinburne, The Existence of God, revised edn. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991), pp. 300-22.

63 John D. Barrow and Frank Tipler, The Anthropic Cosmological Principle (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986).

64 John Gribbin and Martin Rees, The Stuff of the Universe. Dark Matter, Mankind and the Coincidences of Cosmology (London: Heinemann, 1990).

65 John Leslie, Universes (London and New York: Routledge, 1989).

66 See Creel, Divine Impassibility.

67 Thomas V. Morris, 'Absolute Creation', in Anselmian Explorations, pp. 161-78.

68 Faith and Philosophy 4 (1987), pp. 365-82.

69 See E. Brehier, 'The Creation of the Eternal Truths in Descartes's System', in W. Doney (ed.), Descartes (London: Macmillan, 1968), pp. 192-208.

71 Religion and Creation. The relevant chapter is entitled 'God and Time'.

73 G. E. M. Anscombe, Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Mind.Collected Philosophical Papers, vol. II (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1981), p.146.

74 Polkinghorne, Science and Christian Belief, pp. 24—8.

75 J. R. Lucas, The Freedom of the Will (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970).

76 J. R. Lucas, The Future (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989).

78 In addition to Lucas's work, we may mention A. N. Prior, 'The Formalities of Omniscience', in his Papers on Time and Tense (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1968), ch. 3; Nelson Pike, God and Timelessness (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1970); Swinburne, The Coherence of Theism, ch. 12; Anthony Kenny, The God of the Philosophers (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979), ch. 4; Peter Geach, Providence and Evil (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977), ch. 3; and Brian Hebblethwaite, 'Some Reflections of Predestination, Providence and Divine Foreknowledge', in Religious Studies 15 (1979), pp. 433-48.

79 The theory is associated particularly with Luis de Molina (1535—1600).

80 William Hasker, God, Time and Knowledge (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989).

81 See, e.g., W. Hasker, 'Anti-Molinism is Undefeated!' in Faith and Philosophy 17 (2000), pp. 126—31, and references given there.

83 Robert Merrihew Adams, Finite and Infinite Goods. A Framework for Ethics (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).

84 Mark Wynn, God and Goodness. A Natural Theological Perspective (London: Routledge, 1999).

85 See, e.g., Austin Farrer, Love Almighty and Ills Unlimited (London: Collins, 1962); John Hick, Evil and the God of Love (London: Macmillan, 1966); Alvin Plantinga, God, Freedom and Evil (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1974); Brian Hebblethwaite, Evil, Suffering and Religion, revised edn. (Oxford: One-world, 2000); Marilyn McCord Adams and Robert Merrihew Adams (eds.), The Problem of Evil (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990); Swinburne, Providence and the Problem ofEvil.

86 See Augustine, Confessions VII.

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