Summa Theologica

Hell Really Exists

Hell Really Exists

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Whether there is free-will in the angels? 467

Whether there is an irascible and a concupiscible appetite in the angels?! 468

OF THE LOVE OR DILECTION OF THE ANGELS (FIVE ARTICLES) 469

Whether there is natural love or dilection in an angel? 469

Whether there is love of choice in the angels? 470

Whether the angel loves himself with both natural love, and love of choice? 471

Whether an angel loves another with natural love as he loves himself? 472

Whether an angel by natural love loves God more than he loves himself? 473

OF THE PRODUCTION OF THE ANGELS IN THE ORDER OF NATURAL BEING (FOUR

ARTICLES) 475

Whether the angels have a cause of their existence? 475

Whether the angel was produced by God from eternity? 476

Whether the angels were created before the corporeal world? 476

Whether the angels were created in the empyrean heaven? 477

OF THE PERFECTION OF THE ANGELS IN THE ORDER OF GRACE AND OF GLORY (NINE

ARTICLES) 478

Whether the angels were created in beatitude? 479

Whether an angel needs grace in order to turn to God? 480

Whether the angels were created in grace? 481

Whether an angel merits his beatitude? 482

Whether the angel obtained beatitude immediately after one act of merit? 483

Whether the angels receive grace and glory according to the degree of their natural gifts? 484

Whether natural knowledge and love remain in the beatified angels? 485

Whether a beatified angel can sin? 486

Whether the beatified angels advance in beatitude? 487

THE MALICE OF THE ANGELS WITH REGARD TO SIN (NINE ARTICLES) 488

Whether the evil of fault can be in the angels? 488

Whether only the sin of pride and envy can exist in an angel-? 490

Whether the devil desired to be as God? 491

Whether any demons are naturally wicked? 492

Whether the devil was wicked by the fault of his own will in the first instant of his creation? 493

Whether there was any interval between the creation and the fall of the angel? 494

Whether the highest angel among those who sinned was the highest of all? 495

Whether the sin of the highest angel was the cause of the others sinning? 497

Whether those who sinned were as many as those who remained firm? 498

THE PUNISHMENT OF THE DEMONS (FOUR ARTICLES) 498

Whether the demons' intellect is darkened by privation of the knowledge of all truth?? 499

Whether the will of the demons is obstinate in evil? 501

Whether there is sorrow in the demons? 502

Whether our atmosphere is the demons' place of punishment? 503

TREATISE ON THE WORK OF THE SIX DAYS (OOÍ651-74) 504

THE WORK OF CREATION OF CORPOREAL CREATURES (FOUR ARTICLES) 504

Whether corporeal creatures are from God? 505

Whether corporeal things were made on account of God's goodness? 506

Whether corporeal creatures were produced by God through the medium of the angels? 507

Whether the forms of bodies are from the angels? 508

ON THE ORDER OF CREATION TOWARDS DISTINCTION (FOUR ARTICLES) 509

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