At its heart Tolkien's story is essentially one of traditional Good and Evil.
It conveys the Truth of the temptation of evil, the corruption of power, the blasphemy of despair and the folly of pride. It hails the triumph of humility, the essence of truth, the need of mercy and the guiding framework of morality.
"All of life for him [Tolkien] was part of a cosmic conflict between the forces of good and evil, God and the devil..." said George Sayer, a life long friend of Tolkien. [Celebration p.8]
As is outlined in Creation, Tolkien's mythological story has an eternal divine Creator. From this creation, a spirit that was once good, rebels, falls and desires to destroy what Eru, the Father of All, has created.
This sets up the arena for a huge battle; between that which is good in Middle-earth [or Arda as a whole] and that which is evil.
And this fight will affect and involve every living thing in Middle-earth, even those who do not desire to be involved; [e.g. the hobbits, beasts and men of the east] as it lasts for many thousands of years.
The battle is one of classical mythology and theology. Every culture and religion has an understanding of Good and Evil, but differ in details of the what's, how's and whys regarding the existence of Good and Evil and their relationship to Man.
In the conflict of Good and Evil, the Lord of the Rings carries an unmistakable mark of Christianity and Christian philosophy.
There is a 'positive compatibility with the Order of Grace' as mentioned by Father Steve [Allegory], a friend of Tolkien who proof-read early manuscripts of the Lord of the Rings. As Tolkien himself points out,
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