1. Victor, Caes. 41.23/4. For Victor's homophobia, cf. Caes. 28.6/7. The Epitome de Caesaribus has a substantially similar indictment, but adds that Constans was 'nulla a barbaris formidine* (41.24)—an aspersion emphatically contradicted by Ammianus 30.7.5. Eutropius is more favorable, allowing an initial period when Constans' rule was just and energetic before he slipped into gravia vitia [Brev. 10.9.3).
3. The most precise evidence is provided by a scholiast on Julian, Orat. 3, 95c: see J. Bidez, 'Amiens, ville natale de l'empereur Magnence,' Revue des études anciennes 27 (1925), 312-318.
4. For the numerous sources, which supply complementary details, see PLRE 1.220.
5. Chr. min. 1.69. For a full discussion of the career of Titianus (consul in 337), see Chastagnol, Fastes (1962), 107-111.
6. R1C 8.325/6 Aquileia 122 appears to celebrate his arrival in Aquileia near the beginning of March, cf. A. Jelocnik, 'Les multiples d'or de Magnence découverts à Émona,' Revue numismatique6 9 (1967), 209-235, at 215/6. (The article is reprinted in its original language in Arheoloski Vestnik 19 11968), 201-220.)
7. For the numerous partial accounts of the 'usurpation,' see PLRE 1.954. Constantina was the widow of Hannibalianus, who had been killed in 337 (Origo Constantini Imperatoris 35; Ammianus 14.1.2). Her role in the proclamation of Vetranio is recorded in Chr. min. 1.237; Philostorgius, HE 3.22. That she resided in Rome in the 340s is inferred from the fact that she built the basilica of St. Agnes and a monastery in the city and was buried by the Via Nomentana (PLRE 1.222).
8. PLRE 1.624. For Nepotianus' coinage, see R1C 8.261 Rome 166/7, 265/6 Rome 198-203; J. and D. Gricourt, 'Le pronunciamento de Népotien et ses répercussions sur l'organisation et le fonctionnement des hôtels monétaires de Rome, d'Arles, et d'Aquilée,' Mélanges de numismatique offerts à Pierre Bastien (Wetteren, 1987), 217-231.
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