Socrates HE 3424114 Hist ac

57. Eutropius, Brev. 10.18.2; Ammianus 26.1.5; Socrates, HE 3.36.5,4.1.1.

59. Socrates, HE 4.16, 18; Sozomenus, HE 6.14, 18, cf. Rufinus, HE 11.5; Theodoretus, HE 4.17.1-4 (who have only the latter story).

60. Gwatkin, Arianism2 (1900), 276/7; Brennecke, Homöer (1988), 224-242. The growth of legend can be seen in Gregory of Nazianzus: a single priest burnt at sea in Orat. 25.10 becomes a vague plural in a later speech which alleges that the persecution under Valens was worse than that under Maximinus at the start of the century (43.46, cf. 5).

61. On Valens' policy, which has often been misunderstood, sec the acute and convincing analysis by Brennecke, Homöer (1988), 181-242.

62. See now P. Rousseau, Basil of Caesarea (Berkeley, forthcoming). Bishops who condemned the council of 360 were removed—like Eleusius of Cyzicus (Socrates, HE 4.6).

63. Sozomenus, HE 6.7. Sozomenus' account must be preferred to that of Socrates, HE 4.2, who has the Hellespontine bishops ask permission to hold a council from Valens alone after his return to Constantinople: Socrates has confused the request for permission to hold a council with the report of its decisions, which was made to Valens at Heraclea on his return from Pannonia (Sozomenus, HE 6.7.8).

64. Socrates, HE 4.12; Sozomenus, HE 6.10.3-12.5 (with complementary details in each author). Sozomenus, HE 6.12.3, implies that the Council of Antioch in Caria met in the early spring of 365.

65. The argument is Athanasius' own: it recalls his use of Constantius' letter of 353 summoning him to court in his Defense before Constantius (Chapter XIII).

66. Socrates, HE 4.13.4; Sozomenus, HE 6.12.12, describe his hiding place as 'his ancestral tomb.'

67. Ammianus 26.6-10 provides the fullest account: on it, see Matthews, Ammianus (1989), 191-203.

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