The Composition Of The Defense Against The Arians

1. Observe that 71.3-72.1 (as far as ¿nXaTTero) is an obvious insertion into a preexisting context. The date of the letter of the catholicus Fl. Himerius about building a church for Ischyras (85.7) is not altogether clear: Opitz on 164.4 argued for 339 or later, but Athanasius quotes the letter to prove that the Eusebians rewarded Ischyras at once (85.5/6), and the fact that it describes him as a priest, not a bishop, ought to point to a date close to the Council of Tyre, perhaps autumn 335 (PLRE 1.437).

2. R. Seiler, Athanasius, Apologia contra Arianos (Ihre Entstehung und Datierung) (Diss. Tübingen, 1932), esp. 23-32.

3. Opitz on 87, 167.19ff. The theory of unitary composition, though with a modified date of summer/autumn 356, is restated by V. Twomey, Apostolikos Thronos: The Primacy of Rome as Reflected in the Church History of Eusebius and the Historico-apologetical Writings of Saint Athanasius the Great (Münster, 1982), 292-305.

6. A. H. M. Jones, 'The Date of the Apologia contra Arianos of Athanasius,' JTS, N.S. 5 (1954), 224-227, cf. PLRE 1.876/7.

7. L. di Salvo, 'Ancora sull'istituzione deila dioecesis Aegypti,* Rivista storica dell'antichitä 9 (1979), 69-74.

8. T. Orlandi, 'Sull'Apologia secunda (contra Arianos) di Atanasio di Alessandria,1 Augustinianum 15 (1975), 49-79.

9. O. Bardenhewer, Geschichte der altkirchlichen Literatur 3 (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1912), 61, cf. C. J. Hefele and H. Leclercq, Flistoire des conciles 1.2 (Paris, 1907), 912; C. Kannengiesser, 'Athanasius von Alexandrien,' Gestalten der Kirchengeschichte, cd. M. Grcschat 1 (Stuttgart, 1984), 266-284, at 274/5.

10. Hence Athanasius' reference to exile as something 'which I have suffered in the past and am now suffering' (59.5). Opitz on 140.4 takes this as referring to the exiles of 335 and 356 rather than those of 335 and 339.

11. Chapter XI. Hence the references to 'enemies' (1.1) and to Constantius and Constans as joint emperors (1.2), hence the protests against reopening a case so often decided (1.2-4), and hence too the overall argument.

14. Chapter XIV.

15. Schwartz, Ges. Sehr. 3 (1959), 101 n. 1: the Letter to the Bishops of Egypt and Libya 'ist, wie die meisten Schriften des Athanasius aus dieser Periode, kein einheitliches Werk.'

16. H.-G. Opitz, Untersuchungen zur Überlieferung der Schriften des Athanasius (Berlin/Leipzig, 1935), 158 n. 3. Before Opitz contradicted him, Seller's analysis had been accepted by K. F. Hagel, Kirche und Kaisertum in Lehre und Leben des Athanasius (Diss. Tübingen, 1933), 31.

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