Creeds And Councils

4. On all aspects of this credal statement, and for a critical text of the Latin version, see Chapter VIII, at nn. 35-40 (and the works cited there).

5. The Hahns print Hilary, Syn. 34, as their base text. In his edition of the historical fragments deriving from Hilary {CSEL 65.69-73), A. L. Feder also prints (1) Hilary, Syn. 34; (2) the Latin version of the creed in Cod. Ver. LX (58), fols. 78v-79" (EOM/A 1.638-640); (3) a Greek retroversion of the Syriac version published by F. Schulthess, Die syrischen Kanones des Synoden von Nicaea bis Chalcedon

(Abhandlungen der königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Philologisch-historische Klasse, N.F. 10.2,1908), 167/8; (4) Athanasius, Syn. 25.2-5 + 26.IIb.

6. For a slightly different Greek version of the Latin original, see Athanasius, Syn. 30.2-10; Socrates, HE 2.31.8-16.

7. For proof that Jerome had access to acta of the Council of Ariminum, see P. Battifol, 'Les sources de VAltercatio Luciferiani et Orthodoxi de St. Jérôme,' Miscellanea Geronimiana (Rome, 1920), 97-114; Y.-M. Duval, 'Saint Jérôme devant la Daptême des hérétiques: D'autres sources de VAltercatio Luciferiani et Orthodoxi,' RE Aug 14 (1968), 145-180.

8. C. J. Hefele and H. Leclercq, Histoire de conciles 1.2 (Paris, 1907), 848-852; E. Schwartz, 'Zur Kircherigeschichte des vierten Jahrhunderts,' ZNW 34 (1935), 129-213, at 147, reprinted in his Gesammelte Schriften 4 (Berlin, 1960), 1-110, at 23/4; H. Lietzmann, From Constantine to Julian, trans. B. L. Woolf (London, 1950), 210; Kelly, Creeds' (1972), 281; L. A. Speller, 'New Light on the Photinians: The Evidence of Ambrosiaster,' JTS, N.S. 34 (1983), 88-113, at 101; Brennecke, Hilarius (1984), 62. Observe, however, that the article 'Sirmium (formules de)' by E. Amann, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique 14 (1941 ), 2175-2183, locates the council which condemned Photinus in 347 in Milan. Hanson, Search (1988), 236, 313, has both a council at Milan in 347 and one in 347/8 in Sirmium, while Simonetti, Crisi (1975), 202, registers 'nel 347 un concilio a Milano (e a Sirmio?).'

9. E. Schwartz, ZNW 34 (1935), 145 n. 1 = Gesammelte Schriften 4 (Berlin, 1960), 22 n. 1, vehemently denied the existence of a lacuna in the text.

10. Chapter X, at nn. 3-10; Chapter XIII, at nn. 1-9.

11. The difficulty was noted but discounted by G. Bardy, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique 12 (1934), 1533: 'il est assez difficile à expliquer cette réunion d'Orientaux en une ville qui dépendait alors de Constant et de l'empire d'Occident.' Hanson, Search (1988), 313, makes the bizarre statement that 'the Council of Sirmium in 347 or 348 was held in the presence of Constantius, who happened to be passing through the town.'

12. C. j. Hefele and H. Leclercq, Conciles 1.2 (1907), 899-902 ('Deuxième grand concile de Sirmium'); Kelly, Creeds3 (1972), 285; Brennecke, Hilarius (1984), 312-325. Contrast Simonetti, Crisi (1975), 229: 'ben pochi vescovi furono presemi.'

14. A. Hahn and G. L. Hahn, Bibliothek3 (1897), 204 n. 249; C J. Hefele and H. Leclercq, Conciles 1.2 (1907), 908-928; E. Amann, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique 14 (1941), 2080/1; Klein, Constantius (1977), 89/90; Kopecek, Neo-Arianism (1979) 174/5; K. Baus, History of the Church, ed. H. Jedin and J. Dolan, trans. A. Biggs 2 (New York, 1980), 46; Brennecke, Hilarius (1984), 343-350; Hanson, Search (1988), 357-362. Simonetti, Crisi (1975), 242, identifies the membership of this alleged council as (1) bishops who were in Sirmium at the time, (2) some eastern bishops, (3) Ursacius, Valens, and Germinius, (4) four African bishops, and (5) Liberius.

15. K. Holl, in annotation on Epipbanius 3 (GGS 37, 1933), 287.10.

16. Despite L. Duchesnc, 'Libère et Fortunatien,' MEFR 28 (1908), 31-78, at 64-67; G. Schoo, Die Quellen des Kirchenhistorikers Sozomenos (Neue Studien zur Geschichte der Theologie und der Kirche 11 [Berlin, 1911]), 125/6.

17. See 'The Capitulation of Liberius and Hilary of Poitiers,' Phoenix 46 (1992), 129-140. Long ago Archibald Robertson silently discarded the alleged council of 358, though he still kept a total of four Councils of Sirmium in all, in 347,351,357, and 359 respectively (Select Writings 118921, Ixxxviii-lxxxix).

18. Chapter XIII.

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