39. In the three passages quoted here, I have changed Jessie Payne Smith's translation fairly freely in the light of the German version of Lorenz, Osterfestbrief (1986), 39-65.

40. On the theological and polemical content of the letter, see further Lorenz, Osterfestbrief (1986), 68-89; Camplani, Lettere (1989), 245-256.

41. On the date of the letter, see further App. 1, at nn. 47-51.

42. Index 10; Vita Antonii 69-71. M. Tetz, 'Athanasius und die Vita Antomi: Literarische und theologische Relationen,' ZNW 73 (1982), 1-30, at 23/4, argues that Antony visited Alexandria in 337 before Athanasius returned from Trier and that the 'we' in Vita Antonii 71 reflects the fact that this account of Antony's visit to Alexandria was originally written by Serapion of Thmuis.

43. Gregory of Nazianzus, Orat. 21.28. For Philagrius' second term as prefect, see now P. Oxy. 3793, 3794, 3820, with the comments of J. R. Rea, Oxyrhynchus Papyri 55 (London, 1988), 62-67, 221-224, corrected in certain particulars by W. H. C. Frend, 'Dioscorus of Oxyrhynchus and His Correspondence (P. Oxy. LV 3820),' ZPE 79(1989), 248-250.

44. Socrates, HE 2.8.6: ön pif) yw^ifl kolvov cxui^ßpiov tw ¿moicomuv ttji> TdÇii' -rife UpoaûuTis dveXa߀i>. The fact that Socrates confuses the council of the winter of 338/9 with the 'Dedication Council' of 341 in no way impairs the value of his testimony (App. 5).

45. For the various surviving versions of the synodical letter and canons of this earlier council, see CPG 8535, 8536; on the date, Schwartz, Ges. Sehr. 3 (1959), 216-222; T. D. Barnes, 'Emperor and Bishops, A.D. 324-344: Some Problems,' AJAH 3 (1978), 53-75, at 59/60.

46. Socrates, HE 2.9, expressly basing himself on the lost biography of Eusebius by George of Laodicea—which also reported that Eusebius used to accompany Constantius on military campaigns. On the theology of Eusebius, see Hanson, Search (1988), 387-396; M. F. Wiles, 'The Theology of Eusebius of Emesa,' Studia Patristica 19 (1989), 267-280.

47. Socrates, HE 2.10.1, cf. CSEL 65.55.5/6: 'sancto et integro sacerdote'—an admittedly partisan, but nevertheless specific and emphatic, description.

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