"And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald; The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolyte; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst." Revelation 21:19, 20.
NOTE. - Prof. Stuart says of these stones that, in order and arrangement, they are like the colors of the rainbow, only more complex and much more brilliant. There can be no question as to their extreme brilliancy; but with reference to their arrangement, it has been suggested on good authority, that whereas the high priest of the Israelites wore these twelve stones in his breastplate, to represent the twelve tribes of Israel; and whereas the New Jerusalem itself has twelve gates, each bearing the name of one of the twelve tribes, designating the particular place each tribe occupies in the city, that these ornamental stones will be only on that part of the foundation where the tribe is located, which the stone itself has ever represented. Another suggestion is that these foundations are super imposed horizontally one upon another in the form of terraces, each color extending continuously around the city, the whole being arranged in steps from the ground to the wall.
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