The state and the idea of good

Socratics, namely, that it is the education of a sex being, and therefore must be realised, in the £ instance at least, through society. Plato,« theref< tries to imagine a perfect community after 1 highest type he knew, that of the Greek City-St* As an organised society the State, in his view, founded neither on the force of the strong man, ] on the conspiracy of the weak; it is not the cr tion of arbitrary choice, even in the form of a so<

contract between its individual members; it ori

nates not in the will of men at all, but in tb

nature, as beings who are essentially parts of a wh< each in himself fragmentary and incomplete, but fii ing his necessary complement in the rest. For su beings, to be isolated is to be weak and undevelop to be united is to be strong and have their individi capacities drawn out in the service of each oth For such beings, therefore, the ideal of individuals the ideal of self-seeking and self-aggrandiseme is suicidal and contradictory. It is only as tl give themselves up to the general good that in viduals can possibly attain their own, and to se i happiness merely for themselves is the way to 1< it. They, must die to themselves that they m live in the general life. In short, it is only in t discharge of their social duty that they can be i harmony with themselves; and any attempt to ma i the general life of the community subservient

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