scientific? man, and the statesman—who is like a scientific man in his mastery of the general principles of legislation and administration—-rather thgjji the self-

consciousness and self-determination, which

equally to all men, and is, indeed, that which makes them men. Hence also Aristotle's view of the political and moral life was essentially aristocratic, though the aristocracy he recognised was not one of birth but of intelligence. Thus he regarded the Greek, with his

perceptions - and superior rational power, as £t

almost of a different species from the barbarian; and he even refused to recognise the Greek artisan, who practised a ' base mechanic trade/ as fitted to

the functions of a citizen.

The same ' intellectualism '—which made him look upon science as

that can be attained only one who has risen above the contingency of particular facts—shows itself in his separation of the higher and more general functions of the State from the

of the tradesman, whose vocation is to su

the means for a

we have a

in which he does not the organic unity of

in which the slaves and mechanics furnish the basis for the life of those

who share in the administrative,

• • i . , work of the State and enjoy its supply the conditions xn for the stilL higher functions of the philosopher, who


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