And soon the question must arise whether the connexion of the two can be maintained, and whether the municipal State can be brought in relation to the type
set up for it, or reconstituted upon the model of the intelligible world. The last word of the Republic on this subject shows that Plato found it hard to pour the new wine into the old bottles. " I conclude," says Socrates, " that the man of understanding will direct all his energies throughout life to those studies which will impress upon the soul the characters of wisdom, temperance, and justice, and will neglect all others."
" Then," answers Glaucon, " if that be his motive, he will not care to interfere with politics." " By the dog of Egypt, you are wrong," replies Socrates; " for he certainly will do so, at least in his own city, though perhaps not in the city in which he happens to be born." "I understand," says Glaucon; "you mean that he will be an active politician in the city which we have now organised, the city which as yet exists merely in idea; for, I believe, it is not to be found anywhere on earth." " Well," answers Socrates again, " perhaps in heaven there is laid up a pattern for him who wishes to behold it, and, beholding, to organise his own life by its laws. But the question of its present or future existence upon earth is quite un-
i important; for, in any case, the philosopher will live after the laws of that city only and not of any other
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