Q. How ought every lodge to be situated? A. Due east and west. Q. Why So?
A. Because, in the language of Dr. Hemming, a distinguished brother and masonic writer, "the sun, the glory of the Lord, rises in the east and sets in the west."
Q. What are the dimensions and covering of a lodge?
A. Its dimensions are without limit, and "its covering no less than the clouded canopy or starry-decked heavens." In the language of Oliver,
Boundless is the extent of a mason's lodge—in height to the topmost heaven—in depth to the central abyss— in length from east to west—in breadth from north to south.
Q. How many lights has a lodge?
A. According to Dr. Oliver, in his Dictionary of Symbolical Masonry, a lodge has three lights—one in the east, another in the west, and another in the south.
Q. Why are they so situated?
A. Dr. Oliver, in his work just named (see page 163, "Lesser Lights"), says they are so situated "in allusion to the sun, which, rising in the east, gains the meridian in the south, and disappears in the west." These luminaries, says Dr. Oliver, in the same place, "represent, emblematically, the sun, the moon, and the master of the lodge." The same authority informs us that a lodge "has no light in the north, because the sun darts no rays from thence." (See p. 109, "Fixed Lights.")
Q. Of what is a lodge therefore emblematic?
A. The whole earth illuminated by the sun, shining from the east, south, and west; covered by day with a "clouded canopy" and at night by "the starry-decked heavens." Says Hutchinson, a standard masonic author, "The lodge, when revealed to an entering mason, discovers to him the representation of the world."
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