It was thus that not only the mysterious changes of the moon and the number of the planets, but also the number and order of their religious festivals, and the whole system of ancient worship, were inseparably and astronomically connected with the number seven and "the moon, whose phases marked and appointed their holy days." (See Cicero, in the "Tusculan Disputations," Book I, Chapter XXVIII.) It is, therefore, a matter of no wonder that this number should have been held in especial reverence by all the nations of antiquity, or that their imagination should have clothed it with mysterious and magical virtues. This veneration for the number seven was diffused as widely as the worship of the heavenly bodies. The moon was adored in all lands alike, and all her motions, especially her weekly phases, observed with superstitious reverence. It thus happened that, from similar reasons, the number seven was alike considered sacred by nations who had no intercourse, the idea being a spontaneous growth from common astronomical causes.
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