Q. By what name were masons anciently known?
A. Long before the building of King Solomon's temple, masons were known as the "Sons of Light." Masonry was practiced by the ancients under the name of Lux (Light), or its equivalent, in the various languages of antiquity.
Q. What is said to be the origin of the word "masonry"?
A. We are informed by several distinguished writers that it is a corruption of the Greek word mesouraneo, which signifies "I am in the midst of heaven," alluding to the sun, which, being "in the midst of heaven," is the great source of light. Others derive it directly from the ancient Egyptian Phre, the sun, and Mas, a child: Phre-Massen—i.e., Children of the Sun, or, Sons of Light.
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