Cornucopia

A. The Cornucopia, or Horn of Plenty, is an emblem of purely astronomical origin. It alludes to the constellation Capricor-nus. Capricorn, according to mythology, is the same as Pan, or Bacchus, who, with some other deities, while feasting near the banks of the Nile, were suddenly set upon by the dredful giant Typhon. In order to escape, they at once all assumed different shapes and plunged into the river—Pan, or Bacchus leading the way. That part of his body which was under water took the form of a fish, and the other part that of a goat. Pan was the god who presided over the flocks and herds. Virgil thus invokes him:

"Pan ovius custos."

"Thou, O Pan! guardian of the sheep."

("Georgics," Book I)

Pan was also the god of plenty. Therefore the twisted horn of Capricornus became an emblem of plenty.

According to another astronomico-mythological tale, Jupiter is said to have been suckled by a goat—the meaning of which is that the sun, emerging from the stars of Capricornus at the winter solstice, begins to grow in light and heat as he mounts toward the vernal equinox. He is thus figuratively said to be nourished by this goat. The mythological name of this

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