Faith Hope and Charity

Why may the three principal rounds of this ladder be also said to emblematically represent faith, hope, and charity A. When the sun has reached his lowest southern declination, and begins to ascend toward the vernal equinox, we have nothing but faith in the goodness of God and the immutability of the laws of nature to sustain our belief that the sun will once more unlock the golden gates of spring but, when the sun enters Pisces (K) and ascends the second round of the ladder, hope is added...

Freemasonry Not Sun Worship

Is it to be understood, from the foregoing pages, that Freemasonry is nothing more than a fragment of an idolatrous form of sun-worship A. Such is far from being the case, nor has anything been advanced in the foregoing pages which, unless wholly misunderstood, gives any countenance to such an idea. In the intro ductory chapter it was fully shown that the Mysteries themselves, in their primitive and uncorrupted form, taught the unity of God and the immortality of man as their cardinal...

Leo

This is another celebrated and beautiful constellation. It is easily known by five or six bright stars situated in the neck and head of the Lion, and arranged in the form of a sickle. Its two brightest stars are Regulus and Denebola, the former in the sickle and the latter near the tip of the tail. Regulus is a very bright star, and is situated almost exactly in the ecliptic. It is, therefore, of great use to navigators in determining the longitude of the sea. The constellation Leo is also...

The Masonic Ladder of Three Rounds

What is the signification of the ladder of three rounds, and why is it represented as leading up to the seven stars, or Pleiades A. This emblem is clearly but a modification of the ladder of the Mysteries, consisting, as we have seen, of seven rounds and is of the same general astronomical meaning. The sun, when ascending from the winter solstice to the vernal equinox, the constellation Taurus Q l, and the Pleiades, or seven stars, situated therein, passes successively through three signs of...

Drawing

Since Part I of this work was written, I find in the Masonic Newspaper, of March 6, 1880, the above emblematic drawing, concerning which Brother William S. Paterson (thirty-second degree) says This emblem was found in the sarcophagus of one of the great kings of Egypt, entombed in the pyramid erected to his everlasting remembrance. It brings to mind the representation of the king's induction into those greater Mysteries of Osiris, held to be the highest aim of the wise and devout Egyptian....

The Eye Of Osiris

The foregoing is a copy of the Egyptian emblem of the eye of Osiris, taken from the ancient monuments, and found both painted and sculptured on the yet remaining temple walls. Q. To what does the first sign of an E. A. M. allude A. To the autumnal equinox, or place of darkness, and the sign Libra ( ), which is found there, composed of two parallel lines. This sign teaches equality, because at the equinox the days and nights are equal. Equality is the first lesson which a mason receives The king...

The Compasses

According to an ancient custom, the compasses, as a masonic emblem, whether reposing on the altar or worn as an officer's jewel, should be set at an angle of 60 . What is the reason of this A. The reason is principally geometrical. The sacred import of the equilateral triangle has already been explained. Now, as the sum of all the angles of any triangle is equal to two right angles, or 180 , it follows that each of the equal angles of any equilateral triangle is equal to one third of two...

Gnostic Gem Of Isis

ISIS WAS WIFE OF OSIRIS AND MOTHER OF HORUS. SHE WAS ORIGINALLY THE GODDESS OF THE EARTH, AND AFTERWARD OF THE MOON. THE GREEKS IDENTIFY HER BOTH WITH DEMETER, AND CERES, AND WITH IO. (SMITH'S CLASSICAL DICTIONARY) a bull and a ram, and to drink of two fountains, the one called Lethe (oblivion) and the other Mnemosyne (memory), by which means he lost the recollection of all his former crimes, and preserved the memory of his new instructions and vows. This is exactly similar to the Egyptian...

Organization of the Book Part

Chapter 7, the heart of the book, is the largest chapter and has the most revealing information. It contains an astronomical explanation of the emblems, symbols and legends of the mysteries. It shows how the ancient mysteries are made modern, and the meaning of many of them is restored for present day. Brown goes into detail regarding the Masonic symbols and the astronomical relationships. The basics of the Zodiac and the signification of each of the astrological houses are made clear. Pillars,...

The Key Stone and the Legend of its Loss

The emblem of the key-stone, as now exhibited, together with the legend of the lost key-stone, would appear to be of very recent date. They belong to the Mark Master's degree, as given to the American rite. The Mark degree, says Dr. Mackey, was taken by Webb from the Scottish rite. Webb, however, improved the ritual and changed the legend, substituting one of his own invention. Another writer informs us that Webb's Mark degree is founded on the European degree of Mark master mason the sign,...

Banner

They have a human head, the wings of an eagle, and the legs and feet of an ox. The heads of these Assyrian sphinxes only differ from those of the banner, in being covered by the characteristic Assyrian headdress, and wearing the long ornamented Assyrian beard. Layard also found among the ruins of Nimroud, sculptures of monsters with the head of a lion, the body of a man, and the feet of a bird, which is but a different combination of the same figures, expressing the same...

Info

The compasses being set at 60 , thus allude to the equilateral triangle, and, if the two points were united by a straight line, one would be formed. There can be but little doubt that it was the equilateral triangle itself which our ancient brethren placed upon the altar, since it was upon that emblem their most solemn obligations were taken. In modern times the compasses, set at an angle of 60 , have been substituted. This may have been done purposely, or it may be that, during the dark ages,...

The Pillars of the Porch

In every masonic lodge may be seen two pillars, surmounted by globes. What is the origin of these pillars, and what do they signify A. According to the masonic lecture appertaining to the fellow-craft degree, these two pillars represent those which stood before the porch of King Solomon's temple, and are described in 1 Kings 7 15-24 2 Chron. 3 15-17 Jer. 52 21-22. The description given in the Bible is very minute, and renders it evident that they were made after Egyptian models. The...

The Word Seven

The meaning of the word seven is also indicative not only of the lunar origin of the division of time into periods determined by the phases of the moon, but also of the universality and identity of the ideas attached to the number itself. The Hebrew word schiba, seven, signifies fullness, or completion. In the Saxon, Persian, Syrian, Arabic, Phoenician, and Chaldean, the word seven has the same signification, and without doubt refers to the moon, which fills, or becomes complete, seven days. It...

Triple Tau And Circle Embordered With Parallel Lines Combined

The triple tau and that of a circle embordered by two parallel lines, we will have a correct geometrical representation of the whole zodiac, the four principal points of which will also be designated in a similar manner, by which it will be seen that the two emblems are in fact but parts of one complete whole. The union of these two masonic emblems gives us the device which appears between them in the above diagram, which, as will be seen, is another ancient and well-known emblem, sometimes...

The Seven Stars

To what does the masonic emblem of the seven stars allude A. To the Pleiades, or seven stars in Taurus. These stars are called by the Romans Vergilioe, or Virgins of Spring. The constellation Taurus was anciently at the vernal equinox, and the year formerly then began. Thus Virgil, referring to a remoter age, in the Georgics, Book I says Candidus auratis aperit cum Cornibus annum taurus. When the bright bull with gilded horns opens the year. Job speaks of the Pleiades, also, as exerting a...

Zodiacal Ladder

Vernal equinox, and his exaltation at the summer solstice they therefore taught and illustrated all the leading principles of astronomy, and thus had an important scientific value to the initiated. 2. By personifying the sun, and requiring the candidate to represent him, the whole solar phenomena were exhibited in an allegorical manner, and became symbolical of the unity of God and the immortality of the soul. The ladder of the Mysteries, being but an emblem intended to illustrate the main...

The Antiquity of Masonry

What is the probable antiquity of masonry A. There can be but little doubt that the Mysteries, from which, as we have seen, Freemasonry is the direct descendant, were first arranged when Taurus was on the vernal equinox, Leo at the summer solstice, and Scorpio at the autumnal equinox. The solar allegory, as handed down to us, shows this to be the fact. At the rate of the precession of the equinoxes is known, we can calculate when the vernal equinox was in Taurus. Such a calculation will take...

The Resurrection of the

IN silence with averted head by night the evil three have fled. And cold and stiff the body lies Beneath the gloomy winter skies. Yet, had you been a watcher there. That dismal night beside the dead. Had you that night been kneeling there, Beside the dead in tears and prayer. You might have seen, amid the air, A flickering, dim, auroral light, Which hovered on the midnight air, And, seeing in the gloomy sky This mystic strange, celestial light Contending with the powers of night. You might have...

Masonic Festivals

What was the origin of the two great masonic festivals, held formerly on the 24th of June and 27th of December in each year A. The celebration of those days was purely astronomical in its origin, and refers to the summer and winter solstice. The summer solstice, on the 21st of June, was celebrated as a great solar festival by the ancients, because at that time the sun was exalted to the summit of the zodiacal arch, and attained his greatest power and glory. The arrival of the sun at the...

The True Position Of The Pillars Oftheporch

Besides this, the Hebrews, like other ancient Oriental nations, always supposed the spectator looking east, not north, as we do hence the word shemal means left as well as north kedem means east, and also before while the same word which means south also means at the right hand. When we are told, therefore, in Kings and Chronicles, that the pillar Boaz was on the left side of the temple, it is also implied that it was on the north side. But, as the temple itself fronted to the east, and the...

The Words Mysteryand Masonry

Is there any connection between the words mystery and A. If, in fact, the masonic institution, as Mackey and Oliver both admit, was descended from the ancient Mysteries, there should be some close connection between the words mystery and masonry, even if the latter is not directly derived from the former. The word mystery, which originally had an exclusive meaning, came in process of time to have three different meanings, all derived from the original one 1. It was the name of the sacred...

Understanding

Why This Book is Important by Jordan Maxwell Many years ago it was pointed out to me that in order to know correctly the very foundations on which anything is based, one must DIG UNDER the foundation on which the thing STANDS. Only then does one have a true understanding of the subject. I believe it is an Idea whose time has come to make this fascinating knowledge that this book provides, available to the person who wants to know the secrets of theology. This out-of-print classic work by Robert...

Ark Of Osiris

He inclosed him in a chest and cast him into the sea, thus plunging all heaven in grief and sadness. Isis, when she learned the melancholy news, refused all consolation, despoiled herself of her ornaments, cut off her tresses, robed herself in the habiliments of mourning, and wandered forth through the world. Disconsolate and sorrowful, she travelled into all countries seeking the mysterious chest which contained the body of the lost Osiris. In the meanwhile, the chest was drawn ashore at...

Diagram Of The Ecliptic And Equator

The only two points where the circle of the ecliptic and that of the equator can intersect are, of course, opposite to each other. These are the equinoctial points, marked Aries (T) and Libra ( ). The solstitial points are those marked 2> and )o. Now, it is evident that when the sun leaves Aries, or the vernal equinox, his pathway is continually upward, and until he teaches (23) Cancer, and there attains his highest point north of the celestial equator, as well as that of the earth (e e)....

The Anchor the Scythe and the Rainbow

Have the anchor, the scythe, and the rainbow any astronomical significance A. These emblems are only incidentally alluded to in the lectures, and have no particular significance as to any part of our ancient rites and ceremonies, except in a general way. They are all of them emblems which have been for ages the common property of all mankind, used either to point a moral or adorn a tale. The last two are, however, astronomical in their inception, as the scythe appertains to Saturn, and the...

Emblem Of

This is a very ancient emblem, and formerly alluded to in the initiation into the Mysteries, which at once unlocked to the aspirant all the hidden secrets of religion, and furnished him with a key to those allegories and tales under which the sublime facts of astronomy and other sciences were concealed from the profane. In Freemasonry it is, more properly, an emblem of the first degree, which, in like manner, furnishes the candidate with a key, and opens the door to the hidden mysteries of...

The Royal Arch Banner

What is the meaning and origin of the device on the Royal Arch banner which is represented below A. The center of the device consists of the figures of the lion, eagle, ox, and man, the meaning of which has just been explained. The cross which divides them is a correct representation of the equator, cut at right angles by the great solstitial colure, The grotesque and imaginary creatures standing on each side are also astronomical emblems, being compounded of the three figures of the man,...

Pan

To reward her kindness Jupiter, it is said, placed her among the constellations, and gave one of her horns to the nymphs who had aided in taking care of him during his infancy. This gift possessed the power of imparting to its holder whatever he desired. On this account the Latin word cornucopia denotes plenty the word Amal-thoea, when used figuratively, has the same meaning. The whole story is a solar allegory, alluding to the arrival of the sun among the stars...

The Rising Sun Of The Summer Solstice

Probably were, used, without relying wholly on the shadows cast by the columns. The mean daily rate at which the point of sunrise moved along the horizon, and the length of the shadows increased or diminished, would also soon be determined, and thus an observation could be taken at sunrise, noon, and sunset, any day. The month and day of the month could thus be determined at any time with tolerable accuracy. The same arrangement would serve to ascertain the true solar time. Of course, it is now...

Ancient Egyptian Iron

The preceding is a picture of an ancient Egyptian key, from Thebes, and will give a correct idea of the ancient emblem appertaining to the mysteries. The Lion, the Eagle, the Ox, and the Man Q. That is the astronomical allusion of these four ancient emblems, and why are they thus associated together A. They refer to the four great angles of the heavens, where the equinoctial and solstitial points are situated, and the signs at these points are, according to ancient astrology, called fixed...

The Beehive

This was one of the emblems of the Eleusinian Mysteries. The goddess Rhea, according to Bryant, was represented with a beehive beside her, out of the top of which arose corn (wheat) and flowers, denoting the renewal of the seasons and the return of the sun to the vernal equinox. Q. Whence is the masonic emblem of the hourglass derived A. The hourglass was one of the sacred astronomical emblems of the Egyptians. Clement of Alexandria, who gives a description of one of their religious...

The Precession of the Equinoxes

This is the name that is given to a gradual change of place, which is constantly going on, as to the point where the sun does not cross at the same place each year on the contrary, each time when the sun completes the circuit of the zodiac, he crosses the equator at a point a small distance back of the place where he did so the previous year in consequence of which the equinoctial point is annually falling back at a uniform rate. If you will refer to the above diagram of the zodiacal points,...

The Astronomical Triple

Has the triple tau any further astronomical signification A. It has for, when the geometrical principles upon which it is erected are analyzed, it will be found to represent, symbolically, the Royal Arch, together with its three principle points, and many other astronomical particulars. In order to explain this more fully, let us draw out on our trestle-board a triple-tau. We will first draw the line A B (see the following diagram), representing the great equinoctial colure on this describe...

Circle Embordered By Parallel Lines

The sun's circuit among the stars is limited and defined by the tropics. When, in June, he reaches the tropic of Cancer, and attains his greatest northern declination he goes no farther north, but turns and begins to approach the south. He reaches his greatest southern declination in December at the other tropic, which terminates his southern progress, for he there again turns about, and once more journeys toward the north. Upon the integrity of the sun's movement, in this particular, depend...

Osiris

THE GOD REPRESENTED EMBLEMATICALLY AS A MAN WITH A BULL'S HEAD, HIEROGLYPHICALLY DENOTING THE SUN IN TAURUS. IN ONE HAND HE HOLDS THE SYMBOL OF ETERNAL LIFE, IN THE OTHER THE EMBLEM OF POWER, ABOVE WHICH APPEARS THE NAME OF THE GOD IN HIEROGLYPHICS, WHICH, BY A SINGLE COINCIDENCE, IS COMPOSED ALMOST ENTIRELY OF MASONIC EMBLEMS. his eyes no sooner accustomed to the of the place, than he door, on which is this inscription 'He who would attain to the highest and most perfect state, and rise to the...

King Solomons Temple

Of what was King Solomon's temple emblematic A. That temple not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. Q. Has the word temple any meaning significant of this A. All ancient temples were originally dedicated to the worship of the sun and the summer celestial orbs, whose circuit in the heavens each year was emblematic represented in the details of their construction and ornaments. The word temple is from tempus, time templum comes from tempus, and the word temple is therefore synonymous with...

Described

IF WE CLOSELY EXAMINE the elder forms of religious worship, we will find in most of them that God is worshiped under the symbol of the sun. This is not only true of those nations called pagan, but we also find in the Bible itself the sun alluded to as the most perfect and appropriate symbol of the creator. The sun is the most splendid and glorious object in nature. The regularity of its course knows no change. It is the same yesterday, today, and forever. It is the physical and magnetic source...

The Death of the

WHEN down the zodiacal arch S3 The summer sun resumes his march, Descending from the summit high With eager step he hastens by SI The lordly lion of July Through all the golden August days The sun the ardent lover plays, ITJ) A captive to her dazzling charms. But when the harvest time is o'er, When they gathered grapes perfume the air And ruddy wine begins to pour, The god resumes his way once more And, weeping in her wild despair, He leaves the royal virgin there. What cares he now for Virgo's...

Goddess Of Truth And Justice Holding Crux Ansata

This Egyptian emblem was subsequently named the Crux Ansata, or cross with a handle, because it was thought the circle was nothing more than a handle for the purpose of carrying the cross. It is, in fact, often represented as being so carried on the sculptures, but quite as frequently otherwise. The following cut shows the sign of life held by the lower end, in the hand of the double goddess of Truth and Justice. The idea advanced by some, that it is a key, derives little or no support from the...

The Ladder of Seven Rounds

What is the true meaning of this ancient emblem A. The ladder of seven rounds, says the London Freemason's Magazine, has been a symbol in many ages and countries. Among the ancients every round was considered to be represented by a metal increasing in purity, from the lowest to the highest, and these were again characterized by the names of the seven planets as follows The first round is the lowest therefore they will read from the bottom to the top This planetary signification given to the...

Taurus And Tau Cross

The first of these is the original hieroglyphic picture of the head and horns of a bull the second is the astronomical sign of Taurus, and, as such, for astronomical purposes has retained that form, probably because so seldom thus used in comparison to its subsequent employment as a letter the third shows the transition of the second into the fourth, after it began to be used alphabetically, and is one form of the Greek letter tau the last is the Greek and Roman capital tau, which is identical...

Why Reprint this Book

This work was not reprinted (despite Brown's explanation for writing it) to be a defense of Freemasoniy. It is reprinted to be a tool to help free shackled minds minds constrained by thought patterns ignoring the obvious and seeking deep meanings when original meanings are the truth. Nineteenth-century Socialists and Communists believed that raising the consciousness of the people would cause uprisings to force governments to change to Socialism or Communism. The real solution is simpler. To...

The Equinoctial Points

Equinoctial Points

These are the points where the sun crosses the celestial equator, which he necessarily does twice in his yearly circuit of the zodiac, at two opposite points, distant from each other in space 180 , and in time six months. The point where the sun crosses in spring, coming north, is called the vernal or spring equinox and the other, where he crosses six months afterward, going south, is called the autumnal equinox. At these periods the days and nights are equal, and that is the reason why they...

The Circle Embordered by Two Parallel Lines

In every lodge may be seen a certain point within a circle embordered by two parallel lines. Have masons lost the true meaning of this emblem A. The astronomical signification of this emblem is so apparent that it seems to have forced itself upon the attention of many intelligent masons. Dr. Oliver, in his Dictionary, says The symbol of a point within a circle has sometimes been invested with an astronomical reference. Thus it said that the point in the circle represents the Supreme Being,...

Anubis

Other writers identify the Blazing Star with Sirius, the most just before the sun, each year, gave the ancient Egyptians warning of the approaching inundation of the Nile hence they compared it to a faithful dog, whose bark gives warning of approaching danger, and named it Sothis, Anubis, and Thotes, the barker, or monitor. This brilliant and beautiful-star thus early became known dog-star. The Egyptians deified it under the name of Anubis, and this god was emblematically represented by the...

The Northeast Corner and the Corner Stone

Why is, or ought to be, the first stone of any building laid in the northeast corner A. The ancients believed that the movements, conjunctions, and position of the heavenly bodies influenced not only the destiny of nations, but of individuals, and regulated all the affairs of life. Their temples were dedicated to the worship of the sun, and the whole process of their erection, from the laying of the first stone up to their completion, as well as all the details of the architecture, had...

Sheaf Of Wheat Hanging By A River

When any of the fugitives attempted to cross over, they were commanded to say shibboleth, but, as they could not frame to pronounce it right, and said sibboleth, they were discovered and slain, to the number of forty-and-two thousand. This latter interpretation Dr. Oliver thinks to be the true one. He says, Such is the historical account of the warfare of Jephthah with the Ephraimites, and the reputed origin of the symbol and its interpretation, because the...

Its Connection With The Solstitial And Equinoctial Points

The summer solstice was celebrated as a great solar festival by all the ancient nations whose religion had a solar foundation. The day when the sun was thus reached his highest northern declination, and mounted to the summit of the circle of the heavens, when, according to the teachings of astrology, he entered his own house among the stars, would naturally be pronounced propitious and fortunate by the diviners, soothsayers, and astrologers. As the temples always faced the east, so as to catch...

The Royal Arch

It may be defined in nearly the same words as the lodge, and is no less than the starry vault of heaven, or great zodiacal arch, reaching from the vernal to autumnal equinox. A. By three of the cardinal points of the zodiac being the equinoctial points at the base and solstitial point at the summit. Q. Of what are these three points emblematic A. Like the three pillars of the lodge, they are emblematic of Wisdom, Strength, and Beauty. Dr. Oliver, in his Dictionary of Symbolical Masonry,...

Druidical Temples

That the Druids of Britain celebrated the Mysteries in some form, and had secret symbols and signs known only to those who were initiated into the higher priestly orders, is admitted by all investigators. Nor is there any doubt that the Druidical Mysteries were derived from the Phoenician and Tyrian navigators, who visited that country for tin, and who established colonies there. The principle temple of the Druids was what is now called Stonehenge, much of which remains to this day. These...

Pillars Of The Porch

The description of the pillars, as given in the Bible, also renders it probable that they had no globes upon the top of their capitals, as none are mentioned. This idea of surmounting the pillars with globes arose, no doubt, from a misconstruction of the word pommels, as used in 2 Chron. 4 12-13, or the word bowls, in 1 Kings 7 41. That these pommels, or bowls, were not in any sense academic globes, such as adorn the masonic columns, is evident from the fact that they were covered with network,...

Hiram Abif

In them Hiram Abif appears both as an authentic and a mystical personage, he is not only the cunning craftsman employed by King Solomon to beautify and adorn the actual temple, but also an emblematic being, representing the sun, who, by his magnetic power, raises the Royal Arch of heaven, and beautifies and adorns the terrestrial and celestial spheres, for which reason his name has a twofold meaning, significant of both characters. It is also true that to some extent the life and conduct of the...

The Beautiful Virgin Of The Third Degree

Season when the sun enters that sign. This figure of the goddess Rhea, it will be seen, resembles somewhat the virgin of Cross, standing by the broken column, holding in her hand a sprig of acacia instead of the spikes of wheat. Rhea was the daughter of Sky and Earth Coelus and Terra . She was also the mother of Jupiter and wife of Saturn, also known as Kro-nos, or Time. This would quite naturally permit the association of the figure of Saturn and his scythe or Time with that of the virgin. In...

Part Third

Astronomical Explanation of the Emblems, Symbols, and Legends of the Mysteries, Both Ancient and Modern, and the Lost Meaning of Many of Them Restored The Ladder of Seven Rounds The Masonic Ladder of Three Rounds 113 The Zodiacal Faith, Hope, and The Three The Winding Corn, Oil, and The Blazing The Rite of The Masonic Festivals The Circle Embordered by Two Parallel Lines The The All-Seeing Masonic Masonic Significance of the Zodiacal Signs The Beautiful Virgin of the Third Fiction of the...

The Solstitial Points

The solstitial points refer to the movement of the sun, north of the equator in summer and south of it in winter. They are the points marking the extreme northern and southern limits of this movement of the sun. The summer solstice, when the sun comes farthest north, is at present in Cancer, and the winter solstice, or his extreme southern limit, is in Capricor-nus. The distance of the sun north and south of the equator is called his northern or southern declination. When the sun reaches either...

Mysteries Of Libra

This constellation is anciently represented by the figure of a man or woman holding a pair of scales. The human figure is omitted in all Arabian zodiacs, as it is held unlawful by the believers in the Koran to make any representation of the human form. In our zodiac, also, the balance only is depicted, probably because we received the zodiac from the Arabians. This constellation may be distinguished by a quadrilateral of four stars, but it contains none of great brilliancy. In the Hebrew zodiac...

Scorpio

This constellation has some resemblance, in the grouping of its stars, to the object after which it is named. It is a very conspicuous object in the evening sky of July. In its general form it resembles a boy's bow kite, the tail of which forms that of a scorpion, and is composed of ten bright stars. The first of these, near the point of the triangle forming the body of the kite, is Antares. It is a brilliant red star, resembling the planet Mars. In the Hebrew zodiac Scorpio is referred to Dan....

Astromasonic Emblemsun In

This visible connection between the constellation Leo and the return of the sun to his place of power and glory, at the summit of the Royal Arch of heaven, was the principal reason why that constellation was held in such high esteem and reverence by the ancients. The astrologers distinguished Leo as the sole house of the sun, and taught that the world was created when the sun was in that sign. The lion was adored in the East and the West by the Egyptians and the Mexicans. The chief Druid of...

Taurus

This constellation is next to Aries in the zodiac, and is one of the most celebrated and splendid. The Pleiades are in Taurus, and near it is the magnificent constellation Orion, called Orus by the Egyptians. In that sublime chapter of the Old Testament, Job xxxviii, mention is made of these Canst thou bind the sweet influences of the Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion Taurus, once seen and recognized in connection with Orion, is never forgotten. The Bull is represented as engaged in combat...

Masonic Words and Names

M. signify A. It has more than one collateral meaning, pronounced or written either forward or backward, but if divided into the radicals of which it is composed it will be found to signify the Fire-God or Quickening Fire i.e., the sun. Q. What does the word F. C. M. signify A. This word, if divided into its radicals, means the moon. Q. What does the word of a M. M. signify A. The roots of which it is composed signify the Benevolent God of Fire i.e., the sun...