England The Emergence Of Anglicanism

1. Diarmaid MacCulloch, "The Myth of the English Reformation," Journal of British Studies 30 (1991): 1—19.

2. It is, in fact, quite difficult to find a satisfactory label for these forerunners of the nineteenth-century Anglo-Catholics other than the vague description "High Church," which can be applied equally to Presbyterians in comparison with Congregationalists. In his excellent account of this period, Anthony Milton has suggested the term "avant-garde conformists" to refer to this trend; see Anthony Milton, Catholic and Reformed: The Roman and Protestant Churches in English Protestant Thought, 1600-1640 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

3. See, for example, the "Bill for the Relief of His Majesty's Roman Catholic Subjects" of March 24, 1829.

4. See especially Alec Ryrie, The Gospel and Henry VIII: Evangelicals in the Early English Reformation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), xv-xvi. Older studies remain important, such as Greg Walker, Persuasive Fictions: Faction, Faith, and Political Culture in the Reign of Henry VIII (Aldershot, UK: Scolar, 1996), 136-37.

5. Peter Marshall, Religious Identities in Henry VIII's England (Aldershot, UK: Ash-gate, 2006), 4-8.

6. Christine Peters, Patterns of Piety: Women, Gender, and Religion in Late Medieval and Reformation England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), 60-96.

7. See especially Eamon Duffy, The Stripping of the Altars: Traditional Religion in England, c. 1400-c. 1580 (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1992); Felicity Heal, Reformation in Britain and Ireland (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2003).

8. Norman L. Jones, The English Reformation: Religion and Cultural Adaptation (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002).

9. Ryrie, The Gospel and Henry VIII, 233-37. The role of Lollardy is contested; see the more negative assessment in Richard Rex, The Lollards (Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave, 2002).

10. See the documentation of this point in Ethan H. Shagan, Popular Politics and the English Reformation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

11. For the theological motifs linked to this concern, see Alec Ryrie, "Divine Kingship and Royal Theology in Henry VIII's Reformation," Reformation 7 (2002):

12. G. W. Bernard, The King's Reformation: Henry VIII and the Remaking of the English Church (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2005).

13. See especially Marjo Kaartinen, Religious Life and English Culture in the Reformation (Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave, 2002).

14. For the argument that English nationalism emerged in the 1520s, see Liah Greenfeld, Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992). The situation is more complex, however, than Greenfeld suggests, as shown by Gillian E. Brennan, Patriotism, Power, and Print: National Consciousness in Tudor England (Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 2003).

15. Ryrie, The Gospel and Henry VIII, 8-10.

16. For the fortunes of Lutheranism in England, see Alec Ryrie, "The Strange Death of Lutheran England," Journal of Ecclesiastical History 53 (2002): 64-92.

17. For comment, see Rory McEntegart, Henry VIII, the League of Schmalkalden, and the English Reformation (Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press, 2002); Peter Marshall, Reformation England: 1480-1642 (London: Arnold, 2003), 197-98.

18. The issues are explored in Stephen Alford, Kingship and Politics in the Reign of Edward VI(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

19. W. K. Jordan, Edward VI, the Young King: The Protectorship of the Duke of Somerset (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971); Alford, Kingship and Politics in the Reign of Edward VI, 65-99.

20. Diarmaid MacCulloch, Thomas Cranmer (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1996), 364-65.

21. The best study is Diarmaid MacCulloch, Tudor Church Militant: Edward VIand the Protestant Reformation (London: Allen Lane, 1999).

22. For a study of the development of these texts and their impact, see the elegant study by David N. Griffiths, The Bibliography of the Book of Common Prayer, 1549-1999 (London: British Library, 2002).

23. Julia Houston, "Transubstantiation and the Sign: Cranmer's Drama of the Last Supper," Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies 24 (1994): 115-30; Judith H. Anderson, "Language and History in the Reformation: Cranmer, Gardiner, and the Words of Institution," Renaissance Quarterly 54 (2001): 20-35.

24. Basil Hall, "Cranmer, the Eucharist, and the Foreign Divines in the Reign of Edward VI," in Thomas Cranmer: Churchman and Scholar, edited by Paul Ayris and David Selwyn (Woodbridge, UK: Boydell, 1993), 217-58.

25. See Carlos M. N. Eire, War Against the Idols: The Reformation of Worship from Erasmus to Calvin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986), 76-83, 304-5.

26. D. M. Loades, The Reign of Mary Tudor: Politics, Government, and Religion in England, 1553-1558, 2nd ed. (London: Longman, 1991).

27. For analysis of the Spanish religious connection and its impact at this time, see John Edwards and R. W. Truman, eds., Reforming Catholicism in the England of Mary Tudor: The Achievement of Friar Bartolome Carranza (Aldershot, UK: Ash-gate, 2005).

28. Claire Cross, "No Continuing City: Exiles in the English Reformation, 15201570," History Review 32 (1998): 17-22.

29. For the process, see William P. Haugaard, Elizabeth and the English Reformation: The Struggle for a Stable Settlement of Religion (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970).

30. See Norman L. Jones, Faith by Statute: Parliament and the Settlement of Religion, 1559 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1982).

31. Hirofumi Horie, "The Lutheran Influence on the Elizabethan Settlement, 15581563," Historical Journal 34 (1991): 519-37.

32. For the origins of this demand for institutional, doctrinal, and personal purity, see Theodore Dwight Bozeman, To Live Ancient Lives: The Primitivist Dimension in Puritanism (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988).

33. C. S. L. Davies, "International Politics and the Establishment of Presbyterian-ism: The Coutances Connection," Journal of Ecclesiastical History 50 (1999): 498-522.

34. See the comments of Diana Newton, Papists, Protestants, and Puritans, 1559-1714 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

35. Susan Doran and Thomas S. Freeman, eds., The Myth of Elizabeth (Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003). For alternative evaluations, see Julia M. Walker, Dissing Elizabeth: Negative Representations of Gloriana (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998).

36. See Peter Lake, Anglicans and Puritans? Presbyterianism and English Conformist Thought from Whitgift to Hooker (London: Unwin Hyman, 1988); and especially Daniel W. Doerksen, Conforming to the Word: Herbert, Donne, and the English Church Before Laud (Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 1997).

37. See Charles and Katherine George, The Protestant Mind of the English Reformation, 1570-1640 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1961); Patrick Collinson, The Religion of Protestants: The Church in English Society, 1559-1625 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982); Nicholas Tyacke, Anti-Calvinists: The Rise of English Arminian-

ism, c. 1590-1640 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987); Peter White, Predestination, Policy, and Polemic: Conflict and Consensus in the English Church from the Reformation to the Civil War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

38. For details, see Kenneth Fincham and Peter Lake, "The Ecclesiastical Policy of King James I," Journal of British Studies 24 (1985): 182-86; Kenneth Fincham, Prelate as Pastor: The Episcopate of James I (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

39. The text is more properly known as the "Declaration to His Subjects." For this and other works, including the famous "Directions to Preachers" (1622), see Neil Rhodes, Jennifer Richards, and Joseph Marshall, eds., King James VI and I: Selected Writings (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2003).

40. For the controversies, and their continuation in North America, see Theodore Dwight Bozeman, The Precisianist Strain: Disciplinary Religion and Antinomian Backlash in Puritanism to 1638 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004).

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