It Acquires Various Meanings

This is seen in many passages. Luke 20: 34, 35. "The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage; but they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, ** are equal unto the angels," etc. Here "that world" (tou aionos ekeinou) denotes the eternal world, not because the word aion intrinsically means that, but because the resurrection state is the topic of discourse. The words literally mean that age or epoch, but in this instance the immortal world is the subject that defines the word and gives it a unique meaning. So when the word refers to God, it denotes a different duration than when it applies to the Jewish dispensation. That in some of the places referred to the mooted word has the sense of endless, we do not question, but in all such cases it derives that meaning from the subject connected with it.(51)

Let us indicate its varied use. Matt. 6:13 is probably spurious:(52) "Thine is the glory forever," that is through the ages. Here eternity may be implied, but the phrase "forever" literally means "for the ages." Mark 4:19, same as Matt. 1:22. Mark 10:30. "But he shall receive a hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life." Literally, in the age to come the life of that age," i.e., gospel, spiritual, Christian life. We have shown that the world to come denotes the Christian dispensation. Mark 11:14. "No man eat fruit of thee hereafter for ever," that is "in the age," meaning the period of the tree's existence-John 12:34. "The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever;" (to the age). The Jews believed that their dispensation was to continue, and Messiah would remain as long as it would last. This language means that Christ was to remain through the Mosaic epoch. So the Jews thought.-John 13:8. "Thou shalt never wash my feet" is equivalent to "Thou shalt not wash my feet."-John 14:16. "And I will pray the Father and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever,"eis ton aiona, "unto the age," that is, accompany them into the coming or Christian era.-John 6:51,58, "If any man eat of this bread he shall live for ever;" eis ton aiona, into the age, that is, enjoy the life of the world that is to come, the Christian life. Its duration is not described here at all.-John 8:35. "And the servant abideth not in the house for ever; (to the age,) but the Son abideth ever."- The Jews are here told that their religion is to be superseded by the Christ only. They are to leave the house because slaves to sin, while the Son will remain to the age-permanently.-John 8:51, 52. "Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying he shall never see death. Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep my saying he shall never taste of death." Moral, spiritual death is impossible to a man as long as he keeps the saying of Christ, is the full meaning of the words.

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