Contents

A REFLECTION ON THE TIME PERIOD IN WHICH THESE WRITINGS WERE WRITTEN 3

The Bible Hell

PREFACE 15

THE BIBLE HELL 16

THE ENGLISH WORD HELL 16

FOUR WORDS

TRANSLATED HELL 17

SHEOL AND HADEES 17

FIVE OLD TESTAMENT

TEXTS CLAIMED 18

MEANING OF THE WORD 19

SHEOL RENDERED GRAVE 21

SHEOL RENDERED HELL 23

ALL THE SHEOL TEXTS 26

TESTIMONY OF SCHOLARS 28

HEATHEN IDEAS OF HELL 30

THE CHRISTIAN IDEA OF HELL ... 31 HADEES IN THE

NEW TESTAMENT 37

MEANING OF HADEES 38

OPINIONS OF SCHOLARS 38

HEATHEN CORRUPTIONS 38

JEWISH AND PAGAN OPINIONS .. 39

THRUST DOWN TO HADEES 40

JESUS WENT TO HADEES 40

THE GATES OF HADEES 40

HADEES IS ON EARTH 40

HADEES DESTROYED 41

IT IS A PARABLE 42

DOES NOT TEACH

ENDLESS TORMENT 44

THE TEACHING OF

THE PARABLE 45

HADEES IS TEMPORARY 46

THE BOOK OF ENOCH 48

WHAT DID PETER MEAN? 49

GEHENNA 50

OPINION OF SCHOLARS 51

GEHENNA LOCATED IN

THIS WORLD 52

JEWISH VIEWS OF GEHENNA 57

IMPORTANT FACTS 58

CAST INTO HELL-FIRE 63

THE UNDYING WORM 64

DESTROY SOUL AND

BODY IN HELL 65

THE CHILD OF HELL 67

THE DAMNATION OF HELL 67

SET ON FIRE OF HELL 68

CONCLUSION 68

INTRODUCTION 75

ETYMOLOGY 75

ARISTOTLE'S ETYMOLOGY 76

THREE TRANSLATIONS OF

ARISTOTLE 76

THE PLATONIC DERIVATIONS 79

CONCLUSIONS 79

LEXICOGRAPHY AND

"THE CRITICS 80

AUTHORITIES 80

THE TRUE IDEA 84

ETERNAL DURATION AND MODERN CONCEPTIONS 85

AN IMPRESSIVE REFLECTION 86

USAGE 86

THE GREEK CLASSICS 87

AIONIOS 89

PLATO'S USAGE 89

THE CLASSICS NEVER USE

AION TO DENOTE ETERNITY 91

THE OLD TESTAMENT USAGE 93

EXAMPLES 93

THE NOUN 96

THE ADJECTIVE 98

THE ADJECTIVE LIMITED 98

THE SUBJECT DETERMINES THE DURATION 100

DESCRIBED BY THE

ADJECTIVE 100

THE END OF AIONIAN THINGS ...100

APPLIED TO PUNISHMENT 101

EVERLASTING SHAME AND

CONTEMPT 102

DUST OF THE EARTH 102

TESTIMONY OF SCHOLARS 103

THREE QUESTIONS 104

JEWISH GREEK USAGE 104

THE NEW TESTAMENT USAGE ... 106

AION THE SAME IN

BOTH TESTAMENTS 106

NUMBER OF TIMES FOUND

AND HOW TRANSLATED 106

THE KINGDOM OF CHRIST 106

THE JEWISH AGE 106

THE PLURAL FORM 107

THE SENSE OF FINITE DURATION 107

EQUIVALENT TO NOT 107

APPLIED TO GOD, ETC 107

LIFE ETERNAL 108

PASSAGES DENOTING

LIMITED DURATION 108

ABSURDITY OF

POPULAR VIEWS 109

IT ACQUIRES VARIOUS MEANINGS 110

OCCURRENCE OF

THE ADJECTIVE 111

APPLIED TO PUNISHMENT 111

THE PRINCIPAL PROOF-TEXT 112

THE AIONIAN PUNISHMENT IS FOR EVIL WORKS 113

THE WORD AIONION DENOTES LIMITED DURATION 114

GOD'S PUNISHMENTS

ARE REMEDIAL 114

THESE EVENTS

HAVE OCCURRED 114

THE WORD TRANSLATED PUNISHMENT

MEANS IMPROVEMENT 115

A COMMON OBJECTION NOTICED 118

WORDS TEACHING

ENDLESS DURATION 119

THOMAS DE QUINCEY'S

VIEWS 120

DID JESUS EMPLOY THE POPULAR PHRASEOLOGY? 123

"NEVER FORGIVENESS —ETERNAL DAMNATION." 124

EVERLASTING FIRE 126

EVERLASTING DESTRUCTION ... 127

THE BLACKNESS OF DARKNESS FOREVER 127

FOREVER AND EVER 127

THE SPIRITS IN PRISON 128

AION MEANS AN EON,

THE CHRISTIAN FATHERS 129

TAYLER LEWIS 129

THE APOSTLES CREED 130

IGNATIUS 130

SIBYLLINE ORACLES 130

JUSTIN MARTYR 130

IREN£US 131

HERMOGENES 131

ORIGEN AND THEODORE

OF MOPSUESTIA 131

EUSEBIUS 134

GREGORY NYSSEN 134

AUGUSTINE 134

AVITUS 134

GENERAL USAGE OF

THE FATHERS 135

THE EMPEROR JUSTINIAN 135

BELIEVERS IN ANNIHILATION AND IN UNIVERSAL SALVATION APPLIED THE

WORD TO PUNISHMENT 135

OLYMPIODORUS 136

THE FIRST SIX CENTURIES 136

CONCLUSION 136

APPENDIX 138

AIDIOS 138

AN IMPORTANT WORD CONSIDERED 138

Bible Threatenings

Explained

PREFACE 146

BIBLE THREATENINGS

EXPLAINED 147

ENDLESS PUNISHMENT

OF HEATHEN ORIGIN 147

ADAM'S PUNISHMENT 149

TESTIMONY OF CRITICS 150

OLD TESTAMENT

PUNISHMENTS 151

THE STRAIT GATE 152

THE BAD CAST AWAY 154

YE SHALL ALL

LIKEWISE PERISH 155

IMPOSSIBLE TO RENEW THEM .. 156

THE SIN UNTO DEATH 157

THE HYPOCRITE'S HOPE 157

AGREE WITH

THINE ADVERSARY 158

THE WICKED DRIVEN AWAY 158

THE LIVING GOD FEARFUL 158

GOD LAUGHS AT

MAN'S CALAMITY. 159

YE SHALL NOT FIND ME 159

NOT INHERIT THE

KINGDOM OF GOD 160

THE BARREN FIG TREE 161

GOD ANGRY EVERY DAY 161

THE BLASPHEMY OF

THE HOLY GHOST 163

THE WRATH OF GOD 166

THE WRATH TO COME 169

THE SPIRITS IN PRISON 170

"I PRAY NOT FOR

THE WORLD." 170

THE RIGHTEOUS

SCARCELY SAVED 171

WRESTING THE SCRIPTURES

TO DESTRUCTION 172

NO MURDERER HATH

ETERNAL LIFE 173

LET HIM BE ACCURSED 174

THE SECOND DEATH 175

THE FIRST RESURRECTION 177

LET HIM BE UNJUST STILL 178

ATTAIN UNTO THE

RESURRECTION 178

SHALL NOT SEE LIFE 179

"AS THE TREE FALLS

THE DEAD IN CHRIST

SHALL RISE FIRST. 180

THE HARVEST PAST AND

WE NOT SAVED 181

FIRE 181

"OUR GOD IS A

CONSUMING FIRE." 181

HE IS A "REFINER'S FIRE" 182

GOD'S JUDGMENTS LIKE FIRE ..183

UNQUENCHABLE FIRE 184

FURNACE OF FIRE 188

ETERNAL FIRE 189

"WHEAT AND CHAFF,"

"AXE," ETC 190

FIRE AND BRIMSTONE 191

JUDGMENT 192

IT IS A JOYFUL OCCASION 193

IT IS IN THIS WORLD 193

IT IS NOT HEREAFTER 193

IT IS NOW 193

IT IS FOR EVERY ACT

AND THOUGHT 194

JUDGMENT TO COME 195

THE JUDGMENT SEAT

OF CHRIST. 195

THE DAY OF JUDGMENT 196

CHRIST, THE JUDGE

OF THE WORLD 197

AFTER THIS THE JUDGMENT 198

GNASHING OF TEETH 200

DAMNATION, ETC 201

EATING AND DRINKING DAMNATION 201

THE UNBELIEVER DAMNED 202

THAT THEY ALL MIGHT BE DAMNED 204

THE RESURRECTION OF

DAMNATION 204

THE CASE OF JUDAS 207

THE SON OF PERDITION, ETC 208

THE GOSPEL HID 210

THE LOST SOUL 210

"ONE OF YOU IS A DEVIL" 210

BETTER NEVER BEEN BORN 211

HIS OWN PLACE 211

WAS JUDAS A SUICIDE? 212

ETERNAL, ETC 213

LEXICOGRAPHY 213

CLASSIC USAGE 215

THE OLD TESTAMENT 217

THE END OF AIONIAN THINGS ...219

EVERLASTING CONTEMPT 220

EVERLASTING BURNINGS 221

JEWISH GREEK USAGE 222

THE NEW TESTAMENT 223

THE NOUN 224

THE ADJECTIVE 226

THE GREAT PROOF TEXT 227

THE LAST DAYS 231

AN OBJECTION ANSWERED 231

WORDS DENOTING ENDLESSNESS 233

ALL NATIONS NOT

GATHERED THEN 234

ETERNAL JUDGMENT 234

EVERLASTING CHAIN 235

EVERLASTING DESTRUCTION ...236

PRESENCE OF THE LORD 237

BANISHED FROM

GOD'S PRESENCE 238

SMOKE OF TORMENT

FOR EVER AND EVER 239

THE CHRISTIAN FATHERS 240

THE EMPEROR JUSTINIAN 240

UNAVOIDABLE CONCLUSION 241

HELL 241

SHEOL AND HADEES 242

ONLY FIVE OLD TESTAMENT

TEXTS ARE CLAIMED 243

RENDERED HELL 246

THE LOWEST HELL IS

ON EARTH 246

IMPORTANT FACTS 246

THE OLD TESTAMENT REPUDIATES

THE HEATHEN DOCTRINE 249

"ORTHODOX" AND HEATHEN

VIEWS IDENTICAL 250

CONVINCING TESTIMONIES 251

JEWISH AND PAGAN

OPINIONS 253

HELL IN THE NEW

TESTAMENT—HADEES 253

MEANING OF HADEES 253

OPINIONS OF SCHOLARS 254

HEATHEN CORRUPTIONS 254

THRUST DOWN TO HADEES 254

THE GATES OF HADEES 255

HADEES IS ON EARTH 255

HADEES DESTROYED 256

THE RICH MAN AND LAZARUS .. 256

TARTARUS 262

THE BOOK OF ENOCH 263

WHAT DID PETER MEAN? 263

GEHENNA 264

OPINIONS OF SCHOLARS 265

JEWISH VIEWS OF GEHENNA 269

IMPORTANT FACTS 270

DANGER OF HELL-FIRE 272

CAST INTO HELL-FIRE 274

DESTROY SOUL AND

BODY IN HELL 276

THE DAMNATION OF HELL 277

SET ON FIRE OF HELL 278

CONCLUSION 278

INDEX OF SCRIPTURE REFERENCES 282

Bible Proofs of Universal Salvation

UNIVERSAL SALVATION 299

THE DOCTRINE OF THE BIBLE ... 299

THE SILENCE OF GOD 299

ADAM'S PUNISHMENT 299

CAIN'S PUNISHMENT 301

THE ANTEDILUVIANS 301

THE DELUGE 301

SODOM AND GOMORRAH 302

VARIOUS INSTANCES 303

THE TESTIMONY

OF SCHOLARS 304

THE PROMISE TO ADAM 305

THE ABRAHAMIC PROMISE 306

THE PROMISES TO

THE OBEDIENT 309

THE THREATS TO THE WICKED ..311 GATHERED TO THEIR FATHERS.. 312 THE SPIRIT RETURNS TO GOD .. 312 THE FATE OF AMNON 312

KNOWLEDGE OF GOD

GIVES PEACE 313

GOD'S ANGER IS LIMITED 314

GOD'S MERCY IS UNLIMITED 315

THE TESTIMONY OF

THE PROPHETS 315

UNIVERSAL OBEDIENCE 316

MAN'S INFIRMITY DOUBTS

GOD'S GOODNESS 316

UNIVERSAL DOMINION 316

THE PROPHET ISAIAH 317

GOD'S WORD CONQUERS 317

JEREMIAH 318

HOSEA 319

MICAH 319

DANIEL 319

THE "WISE WOMAN," 319

A REFINER 320

THE NAME JESUS 321

THE WORD GOSPEL 321

THE FIRST CHRISTMAS

ANTHEM 321

JOHN THE BAPTIST 322

AN INCIDENT AND ITS LESSON .. 323

BE LIKE GOD 323

THE LORD'S PRAYER 325

THE UNIVERSAL FATHERHOOD.. 325

THE GOOD SAMARITAN 329

THE GOSPEL LEAVEN 329

THE JEWISH LEAVEN 330

ALL THE LOST ARE

TO BE SAVED 330

CHRIST WILL ACCOMPLISH

HIS MISSION 333

THE RESURRECTION 338

THE NATURE OF PUNISHMENT .. 345 THE PRAYER OF JESUS

FOR HIS MURDERERS 345

GOD THE CREATOR 346

GOD'S HOLINESS 347

GOD'S MERCY 348

GOD'S JUSTICE 348

GOD'S OMNISCIENCE 350

GOD'S OMNIPOTENCE 351

GOD'S LOVE 352

GOD'S ATTRIBUTES UNLIMITED . 354

GOD'S POWER UNLIMITED 354

GOD'S WISDOM UNLIMITED 354

GOD'S LOVE UNLIMITED 355

GOD'S WILL, PLEASURE, PURPOSE,

PROMISE, AND OATH 356

GOD'S PLEASURE WILL

BE PERFORMED 357

AND GOD WILL MAKE

GOOD HIS OATH 361

YOU MUST BE BORN AGAIN 362

A CONDITIONAL PROMISE 362

SIN BURNED; SINNERS SAVED .. 362 EVERY SOUL WORTH SAVING ...362

COMFORT FOR ALL 362

HEAVEN'S JOYS CERTAIN 363

THE SUBSTANCE OF

THINGS HOPED FOR 363

THE WICKEDEST SAVED 363

THE IMAGE OF GOD 364

PAUL'S HOPE 365

THE GLAD TIDINGS OF GOD 365

THE UNIVERSE SHALL

BE DELIVERED FROM SIN 365

WHAT GOD WILL NOT DO 366

WHAT GOD WILL DO 366

SIN, SATAN, DEATH AND

HELL DESTROYED 367

ALL DESTINED TO GOD 369

THE PEOPLE WERE

ASTONISHED 370

UNIVERSAL PARDON

AND OBEDIENCE 370

CHRIST CANCELS ADAM 370

A HEALTHFUL DOCTRINE 371

NO MORE SORROW 371

UNIVERSAL OBEDIENCE

PROPHESIED 371

THE UNIVERSAL PROPITIATION . 372 THEIR WORKS FOLLOW THEM .. 372 THE BUILDING OF GOD SURE 373

GOD HATES SIN 373

GOD ALL IN ALL 373

GOD'S GLORY 374

GOD A UNIVERSAL SAVIOR 374

WHY PAUL WAS PERSECUTED .. 374

ALL ARE TO BE RIGHTEOUS 375

THE FINAL CONSUMMATION 376 100 SCRIPTURAL PROOFS THAT JESUS CHRIST WILL SAVE ALL MANKIND 378

THE BIBLE HELL

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