Besides the passages already given, we now record all the other places in which the word Sheol-Hadees, occurs. It is translated Hell in the following passages:
Ps. 86:13: "Thou hast delivered my soul from the lowest Hell."
Ps. 156: 3: "The pains of Hell got hold on me: I found trouble and sorrow." Prov. 15: 11, 24: "Hell and destruction are before the Lord. The way of life is above to the wise, that he may depart from Hell beneath." Prov. 23:14: "Thou shalt beat him, and deliver his soul from Hell." Prov. 27: 20: "Hell and destruction are never full; so the eyes of man are never satisfied." Isa. 28: 15, 18: "Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with Hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves. And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with Hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it." Isaiah 57:9: "Thou didst debase thyself even unto hell." Ezek. 31:16-17: "I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to Hell with them that descend into the pit: and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, shall be comforted in the nether parts of the earth. They also went down into Hell with him, unto them that be slain with the sword; and they that were his arm, that dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the heathen."
"Out of the belly of Hell cried I, "and thou heardest me."-Jon. 2: 2. Hab. 2: 5: "Yea, also because he transgresseth by wine, he is a proud man neither keepeth at home, who enlargeth his desire as Hell and is as death, and cannot be satisfied."
We believe we have recorded every passage in which the word Sheol-Hadees occurs. Suppose the original word stood, and we read Sheol or Hadees in all the passages instead of Hell, would any unbiassed reader regard the word as conveying the idea of a place or state of endless torment after death, such as the English word Hell is so generally supposed to denote? Such a doctrine was never held by the ancient Jews, until after the Babylonish captivity, during which they acquired it of the heathen. All scholars agree that Moses never taught it, and that it is not contained in the Old Testament.
Thus not one of the sixty-four passages containing the only word rendered Hell in the entire Old Testament, teaches any such thought as is commonly supposed to be contained in the English word Hell. It should have stood the proper name of the realm of death, Sheol.
1. Men in the Bible are said to be in hell, Sheol-Hadees, and in "The lowest hell," while on earth. Deut. 32:22; Jon. 2:2; Rev. 6:8.
2. Men have been in Hell, Sheol-Hadees, and yet have escaped from it. Ps.18:5- 6; Jon 2:2; Ps. 116:3; 86: 12-13. Ps. 30:3; Rev. 20:13.
3. God delivers men from Hell, Sheol-Hadees. 1 Sam. 2:6.
4. All men are to go there. No one can escape the Bible Hell, Sheol-Hadees. Ps. 89:48.
5. There can be no evil there for there is no kind of work there. Eccl. 9:10.
6. Christ's soul was said to be in Hell, Sheol-Hadees. Acts 2: 27-28.
7. No one in the Bible ever speaks of Hell, Sheol-Hadees as a place of punishment after death.
8. It is a way of escape from punishment. Amos 9:2.
9. The inhabitants of Hell, Sheol-Hadees are eaten of worms, vanish and are consumed away. Job 7: 9, 21; Ps. 49: 14.
10. Hell, Sheol-Hadees is a place of rest. Job 17:16.
11. It is a realm of unconsciousness. Ps. 6:5; Is. 38:18; Eccl. 9:10.
12. All men will be delivered from this Hell. Hos. 13:14.
13. Hell, Sheol-Hadees, will be destroyed. Hos. 13:14; 2 Cor. 15:55; Rev. 20:14.
At the time these declarations were made, and universally accepted by the Hebrews, the surrounding nations all held entirely different doctrines. Egypt, Greece, Rome, taught that after death there is a fate in store for the wicked that exactly resembles that taught by so-called orthodox Christians. But the entire Old testament is utterly silent on the subject, teaching nothing of the sort as the sixty-four passages we have quoted show and as the critics of all churches admit. And yet "Moses was learned in all the wisdom in all the wisdom of the Egyptians" (Acts 7: 22) who believed in a world of torment after death. If Moses knew all about this Egyptian doctrine, and did not teach it to his followers, what is the unavoidable inference?
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