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these duties was more thorough and focused, but it would be unwise to denigrate the sincere efforts of clergymen who did not share these views and who did the best they could in often trying and demoralizing situations. Arguably, the Protestant clergy could never become simply a professional group. As with the relationship between Christianity and culture more generally, the precise relationship between the spiritual vocation ofa minister and the secular understanding of that calling would always be ambiguous. Yet it was within this context that individuals decided to become clergymen and it is the struggle they experienced between their spiritual calling and the demands of the world that should be of perennial interest to scholars of the Christian tradition.

Notes

1. J. L. Price, Holland and the Dutch Republic in the seventeenth century: The politics of particularism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), pp. 74-80.

2. D. J. Roorda, 'Contrasting and converging patterns: Relations between church and state in western Europe, 1660-1715', in A. C. Duke and C. A. Tamse (eds.), Church and state since the Reformation: Britain and The Netherlands vol. VII - papers delivered at the seventh Anglo-Dutch historical conference (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1981), p. 139.

3. S. J. Connolly, Religion, law and power: The making ofProtestant Ireland 1660-1760 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, i992), p. i83.

4. R. Po-Chia Hsia, Social discipline in the Reformation: Central Europe 155 0-175 0 (London: Routledge, i989), pp. i7-i8.

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