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raids on the subcontinent, but it established a permanent dynasty only in 1206. The great Mughal dynasty, established by Babur in 1526, ruled India for over 300 years. Mughal patronage of the arts brought a blending of the best of the Islamic, Hindu and Christian traditions, thanks in large measure to the presence of Sufi preachers and Jesuit priests within its kingdom. By the end of the seventeenth century, however, the Mughals had been gradually weakened through a combination of religious wars and invasions from the north-west. Their political weakness allowed various European powers to establish their commercial and territorial sway in the subcontinent.

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