Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1971); William E. Monter, Ritual, myth and magic in early modern Europe (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1984).

31. Thomas, Religion and the decline of magic, p. 774.

32. See Hildred Geertz, An anthropology of religion and magic', Journal of interdisciplinary history, 6 (1975), pp. 71-89.

33. Ingeborg Weber-Kellermann and Andreas C. Bimmer, Einführung in die Volkskunde/Europaische Ethnologie: Eine Wissenschaftsgeschichte (Stuttgart: Metzler, 1985), p. 13.

34. François Lebrun, 'Le "Traite des superstitions" de Jean-Baptiste Thiers: contribution a l'ethnographie de la France du XVIIe siecle', Annales de Bretagne, 83 (1976), pp. 443-65; Jacques Revel, 'Forms of expertise: Intellectuals and "popular" culture in France (16501800)', in Steven L. Kaplan (ed.), Understanding popular culture: Europe from the Middle Ages to the nineteenth century (Amsterdam: Mouton, 1984), pp. 255-73.

35. Jonathan I. Israel, Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the making of modernity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

36. Willem Frijhoff, 'The emancipation of the Dutch elites from the magic universe', in Dale Hoak and Mordechai Feingold (eds.), The world of William and Mary: Anglo-Dutch perspectives on the Revolution of 1688-89 (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1996), pp. 201-18; Robin Attfield, 'Balthasar Bekker and the decline of the witch craze: The old demonology and the new philosophy', Annals of science, 42 (1985), pp. 383-95.

37. Peter Burke, Popular culture in early modern Europe (London: Temple Smith, 1978), pp. 322.

38. Burke, Popular culture, p. 10.

39. Anne-Marie Thiesse, La Création des identités nationales. Europe XVIIIe-XXe siècle (Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1999).

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