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to evangelize amongst the heathen, not to administer parishes. But the bishops insisted on visiting the parishes administered by friar-curates.8

The jurisdictional conflicts became particularly intense in 1697-1705 under Archbishop Camacho, who was determined to subject the mendicant orders to his visitation. The friars' representatives in Madrid protested against Cama-cho's actions, in a memorandum to the Spanish king dated 13 February 1699. They intimated that if visitations were forced upon the friars the latter would withdraw from the parishes or even leave the Philippines altogether. However, the king supported Camacho's stand and directed royal officials in Manila to assist the archbishop in enforcing the right of visitation. Further support for Camacho's stand came from Pope Clement XI's brief of 30 January 1705, which stated that the right of visiting the parochial regulars belonged to the said archbishop and other bishops'. Undeterred by the royal and papal injunctions, the regulars continued to oppose the archbishop, and the dispute remained unresolved when Camacho was transferred to the see of Guadalajara in Mexico. In 1707 Camacho's successor, Francisco de la Cuesta, revived the fight against the regulars and attempted to enforce both the papal brief and the royal decree. The regulars, in turn, requested that the implementation of the papal brief be delayed, pending a decision on their appeal in Spain. Alarmed by the continuing dispute in the Philippines, the king ordered the archbishop to halt his attempts at implementing visitations until further notice.9 However, Pope Benedict XIV later issued bulls on 6 November 1744 and 24 February 1745, both of them supported by King Ferdinand IV, ordering the friar-curates to submit to episcopal visitation.

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