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British and Foreign Bible Society 587, 593

Brito, St John 440, 481, 482

Broers, Michael 572

Brosse, Salomon de 232, 235

Brothers, Richard 583

Brown, Callum 126

Bruno, Giordano 255-6

Buddhism 433, 486-8, 493

Buffon, Georges-Louis de 258-9

burial rituals 387

Burke, Peter 203

Burn, Richard 59

Burnet, Gilbert 56,141

Butler, Joseph 129, 293, 297

Butscher, Leopold 429-30, 431

Caesaropapism 27

Calamy, Edmund, Jr. 358, 364

Calendar Case (China) 461-2

Californias, and missions 388-9

Calvert, George, 1st Lord Baltimore 353,394

Calvin, Jean 156,191, 305

Calvinism: and Christian

Enlightenment 286-7 and church and state 43-8, 69 and clergy 113 and education 151,156 in France 91, 92,349-50, 537, 563, 566-7 and Methodism 344 in North America 502, 527 and orthodoxy and Dissent 41-3 and revival 407 and salvation by faith 306,307 in Scotland 67, 69, 340 and sentiment 293, 294 and sermons 132,134-5,136,139,141 and superstition 189,191 and work ethic 82, 84

see also Presbyterianism; Puritanism; Reformed Church Cambridge Platonism 285,357 camp meetings 335, 578 Campomanes, Pedro Rodriguez 320,321 Canada: French control 393,395 and Huguenot settlement 392 and Protestantism 404 and Roman Catholicism 180, 403-4, 505 capital punishment 50 capitalism, and Protestantism 81, 82-5 Capuchins: in Africa 412, 414, 415 in Habsburg Empire 99,106 in India 442, 443, 481 in Latin America 384, 520, 522-4 and mission 3,103 in North America 400, 403 in Poland 107 and preaching 133 in Spain 100 Carey, William 423, 446, 579 Caribbean, and mission 3, 522, 523, 531 Carmelites 101,103,159 church buildings 232 in India 436, 437, 442 in Latin America Carvalho, Sebastiao de see Pombal, Sebastiao de Carvalho e Melo de castas 184

484, 485

catechism 149,157,343 Jansenist 318,319 and Luther 147-8 Catherine II of Russia 20 Catholic Relief Acts (1778,1782) 65,366 Central America, and mission 3, 4 Central Europe 34 Ceylon (Sri Lanka), and mission 3 Chalgrin, Jean-Francois 238 Chalmers, Thomas 579 Champlain, Samuel de 392,393 charity 79-80,170,175-7, 571, 593 Charles II of Great Britain 270,354, 355 Charles III of Spain 6,19, 25 and church and state 456 and Jesuits 302,319,320-1, 323,324 and reform 90, 96,373 Charles IV of Spain, and church and state 373 Charles VI of Austria, and church and state 28, 29, 351 Charles XI of Sweden 124 Charles XII of Sweden 46, 335

Chateaubriand, François-René de 570, 586 children: mixed-race 183 and revivalism 335,341 Chile: Church of Parincota 388

and Jesuits 385 China 460, 458-67

and Calendar Case 461-2 and Mandarin Rites 462-3, 482, 491-2 and mission 4, 458-61, 488 non-Catholic Christians 466-7 and persecution 4, 461-2 suppression and survival of Christianity 464-6

see also Buddhism; Confucianism Choiseul, Etienne-Francois de 314, 316, 318,

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